Oscar Fingal O 'Flahertie Wills Oscar Wilde was born in Dublin, October 16, 1854. His father William was a renowned surgeon and a versatile writer, and her mother Jane Wilde, a poet and fierce Irish nationalist.
The future writer after having attended the prestigious Trinity College in Dublin and Magdalen College, it soon became popular for its tongue lashing for his extravagant ways and the versatile intelligence.
At Oxford, where among other things, he won the Newdigate prize with the poem "Ravenna", he met two of the greatest intellectuals of the time, Pater and Ruskin, who introduced him to the most advanced aesthetic theories and refine his artistic taste.
In 1879 he stayed in London where he began writing occasional essays journalism and publishing poems. In 1881, leaving the "Poems" which had five editions in a year. His clarity, his brilliant way of talking, his ostentatious lifestyle and his extravagant mode of dress made him one of the most fascinating features of the clubs in London. A reading tour lasted a year in the United States increase its reputation and gave him the opportunity to make better his aesthetic theory which revolves around the concept of "art for art".
In 1884 he returned to London after spending a month in Paris, married Constance Lloyd, a marriage more than facade dictated by sentiment. Wilde is gay and lives in fact this condition with great discomfort, especially because of the stifling Victorian morality that prevailed in England in the time. The construction of cardboard, built by Oscar Wilde could not last long however and in fact, after the birth of her children and Cyryl Vyvyan is separated from his wife because of the occurrence of its first real homosexual relationship. In 1888 he published his first collection of stories for boys "The Happy Prince and Other Stories," while three years later appeared his only novel, "The picture of Dorian Gray", a masterpiece that gave him undying fame and where it is known yet today.
The distinctive feature of the story and the many wonderful inventions (such as the oil portrait that ages instead of the protagonist), is that Dorian has undoubtedly many of the characteristic traits of the writer, which did not fail to provoke the ire of critics , which repent of Wilde's prose characters of decadence and moral disintegration. In 1891, his "annus mirabilis", published the second volume of tales, "The House of Pomegranates" and "intention" a collection of essays including the famous "The decay of lying. Same year extends for the famous actress Sarah Bernhardt the drama "Salomé", written in France and once again a source of grave scandal. The theme is that of obsessive passion, detail which could not activate the claws of the British censorship, banning the performance.