Oscar Fingal O 'Flahertie Wills Wilde was born in Dublin, October 16, 1854. His father William was a renowned surgeon and a versatile writer, and her mother Jane Wilde, a poet and fierce Irish nationalist.
The future writer after having attended the prestigious Trinity College in Dublin and Magdalen College, it soon became popular for its tongue lashing for his extravagant ways and the versatile intelligence.
At Oxford, where among other things, he won the Newdigate prize with the poem "Ravenna", he met two of the greatest intellectuals of the time, Pater and Ruskin, who introduced him to the most advanced aesthetic theories and refine his artistic taste.
In 1879 he stayed in London where he began writing occasional essays journalism and publishing poems. In 1881, leaving the "Poems" which had five editions in a year. His clarity, his brilliant way of talking, his ostentatious lifestyle and his extravagant mode of dress made him one of the most fascinating features of the clubs in London. A reading tour lasted a year in the United States increase its reputation and gave him the opportunity to make better his aesthetic theory which revolves around the concept of "art for art".
In 1884 he returned to London after spending a month in Paris, married Constance Lloyd, a marriage more than facade dictated by sentiment. Wilde is gay and lives in fact this condition with great discomfort, especially because of the stifling Victorian morality that prevailed in England in the time. The construction of cardboard, built by Oscar Wilde could not last long however and in fact, after the birth of her children and Cyryl Vyvyan is separated from his wife because of the occurrence of its first real homosexual relationship.