Keats is a poet of the second romantic generation. He is Romantic in his relish of sensation, his feeling for the Middle Ages, his love for the Greek civilization and his conception of the writer, but the synthesis he made of all these elements was very much his own.
he was able to fuse the romantic passion and the cold Neo-classicism, just as Ugo Foscolo did in Le Grazie.
He was born in London in 1795 from a humble but confortable family.
Keats soon became an acquaintance of the leading writers and artists of the period, including Percy B. Shelley. In 1818 Endymion, a long, mythological poem, appeared. This was a difficult time for Keats, since his mother and brother died because of TB and his ever-frail health deteriorated rapidly. He also fell in love with Fanny Brawne, but poverty, his bad health and his almost religious pursuit of poetry made marriage impossible. Keats wrote a series of masterful poems during the following year:
• The Eve of St Agnes, written in Spenserian stanzas
• The great odes, Ode to a Nightingale, Ode on a Grecian Urn, To autumn, Ode on melancholy, To Psyche
• The ballad La Belle Dame sans Merci
In 1820 Keats coughed up blood and the symptoms of consumption became evident. In September of the same year he travelled to Italy in an effort to recover his health but died in Rome in February 1821.