Tema a sfondo filosofico emozioni-razionalitÓ (inglese): Tema in inglese a sfondo filosofico riguardante il rapporto tra emozioni e razionalitÓ (3 pagine formato doc)

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Sometimes we hear reasoned arguments that oppose a view to which we are emotionally committed; sometimes we hear a passionate Two of our four fundamental ways of knowing are reason and emotion. Both of them have their unique function of expanding personal knowledge on various areas and issues. In fact, it is clearly possible to see how the two differ and are almost opposite; the first touches the rational part of human ways while the other represents the most irrational and “animalistic” part of them. These two ways of knowing may be of great importance when considering the difference between belief and knowledge. It is possible to see that when we hear reasoned arguments that contrast with a view we are emotionally linked to. In others cases though, we hear a passionate plea for views we could easily reject by using reason. For example, it is possible to see how abortion may rarely be morally accepted by society, but a woman who suffered rape may accept it because she might believe in the fact that if she will do it, she will not feel innocent (causing the death of the child). Similarly, a woman who aborted because constricted (for example by the parents) may believe the opposite because she wanted to have the baby at all costs. By the use of simple logic we can state that abortion is immoral since the baby that will come out has the right to live and doesn't need to pay for the man's behaviour; even if the two cases are actually similar, it may be seen that the only thing that changes is the woman's point of view on abortion. In both cases, emotions have a major role in making the women choose their point of view on abortion and both of them are having different points of view based on experience and as it may be noticed, reason and emotion can play very important roles when we are demonstrating points of views; especially when this has to be classified as a belief or as knowledge. Belief may be defined as “Assent to a proposition or affirmation, or the acceptance of a fact, opinion, or assertion as real or true, without immediate personal knowledge”. This means that believing in something occurs “without immediate personal knowledge”, thus leading to the conclusion that a belief is such only when there is no personal knowledge, or (at the most) when knowledge is partial. On the other hand, knowledge may be defined as “the act or state of knowing; clear perception of fact” done either by introspection (a priori) or by experience (a posteriori). For this reason, knowledge is considered to be true (even if it may not be so) since it has to deal with facts, while belief is often doubted. The difference may be seen in the definitions. Although (it may appear that) reason and belief do not have anything in common, (it may be seen that) some beliefs derive from logic. These are analytical beliefs; an example may be seen in the phrase “your mother's sister is your aunt”. This is clearly a be Continua »

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