King Arthur

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La leggenda di re Artù in lingua inglese (5 pagine formato doc)

The legend of King Arthur and the knights of the Round Table The legend of King Arthur and the knights of the Round Table is the most powerful and enduring in the western world. King Arthur, Guinevere, and Sir Lancelot did not really exist, but their names conjure up a romantic image of gallant knights in shining armour, elegant ladies in medieval castles, heroic quests for the Holy Grail in a world of honour and romance, and the court of Camelot at the centre of a royal and mystical Britain. The Arthurian legend has existed for over a thousand years and is just as compelling today as it was in the faraway days of its early creators - Geoffrey of Monmouth, Robert de Boron, Chrétien de Troyes, and most majestically: Sir Thomas Malory in his epic work, Le Morte d'Arthur. Countless writers, poets, and artists (not to mention film-makers and now, webmasters) have been inspired by the life and times of King Arthur. Was the original Arthur Roman or Welsh? The popular literary King Arthur is thought by some historians to originate with a real but little-known figure called Riothamus who existed in post-Roman Britain in the 5th century AD, and who may also have been called Arturius. Other academics dispute this theory and believe Arthur may have early Welsh origins in the poem 'Y Gododdin' which commemorates British warriors who died in a battle at Catraeth during the 5th or 6th centuries when the native Britons fought against Germanic Saxon invaders. The Welsh King Arthur There is also an early Welsh poem - 'Historia Brittonum' - from around 800, which records that "at that time the Saxons increased in numbers and grew in Britain. After the death of Hengist, Octa, his son, came down from the north part of Britain to the kingdom of the Kentishmen, and from there are sprung the kings of the Kentishmen. Then Arthur fought at that time against them in those days along with the kings of the Britons, but he was their leader in battles." The poem lists Arthur's battles, culminating in his twelfth at Badon Hill. The poem 'Annales Cambrie' from around 900 also gives references to battles: "The Battle of Badon, in which Arthur carried the Cross of our Lord Jesus Christ for three days and nights on his shoulders and the Britons were the victors" and "The Battle of Camlann, in which Arthur and Medraut fell - and there was plague in Britain and Ireland." He is mentioned in 'Preiddeu Annwn' (The Spoils of Annwn) and 'Pa gwr' (Arthur and the Porter) and in the 10th century appears in the 'Stanzas of the Grave', a Welsh poem which makes reference to the graves of several Arthurian figures. Other early references to Arthur William of Malmesbury in 'Gesta regum Anglorum' (c. 1125) wrote "This the Arthur about whom the foolish tales of the Britons rave even today; one who is clearly worthy to be told about in truthful histories rather than to be dreamed about in deceitful fables, since for a long time he sustained his ailing nation, and sharpened the unbroken