Dickens was born in 1812 in Portsmouth, at age of 12 he moved to London with his family where he was sent to work 12 hours a day in a factory. Dickens never forgot this experience, it made him very sensitive to social problems concerning children. One of the most important theme of Dickens’ novel is the exploitation of children. In his novel Olive Twist he talk about a orphan child who was born in a workhouse. Oliver works for his food and he shocks everyone when he asks for more food, something never done before by any other child. As a consequence he is sold for £5. Then he decides to run away to London where he becomes friendly with Fagin, a man who keeps a gang of homeless boys and forces them to steal for him. Oliver too was forced to steal and one night he is shot while he tries to steal a reach family. When the lady of the house realizes that Oliver is only a child she is shocked and decides to take care of him. So Oliver is adopted by a kind gentleman Mr. Brownlow. At the end, Fagin is captured by the police and the innocence Oliver is saved. In his tales a characteristic is that good would overcome evil.
Freud definisce il bambino come un essere perverso e polimorfo perché ritiene che nell’infanzia siano già attive le pulsioni erotiche. Il bambino è un essere che vive una complessa vita sessuale la quale si esprime già in gesti semplici e istintivi. E’ perverso poiché la pulsione sessuale non tende alla procreazione, prova piacere erotico nella suzione della mammella e nel contatto con il calore del corpo materno. Il polimorfismo si riferisce al fatto che il bambino, nei primi anni di vita prova piacere attraverso varie parti del corpo, che caratterizzano le diverse fasi del suo sviluppo sessuale. Continua »