Appunti e schemi FCE

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Appunti, schemi, espressioni utili per affrontare il First Certificate in English (Writing, Use of English, Speaking) (7 pagine formato docx)

We use the –ing form after
some verbs:  enjoy, suggest, avoid, admit, finish, can’t stand...
some prepositions: without, after, despite, about, upon, against...
two-part (and three-part) verbs: carry on, give up, put off, take up, keep on, end up...
some expressions: it’s no use, there’s no point (in), it’s not worth, pleased about, capable of, good at...

We use the to + infinitive form after
some verbs: decide, expect, plan, promise, offer, threaten...
some verbs + object: help someone, want something, tell someone, allow someone, ask someone, teach someone...
some adjectives: likely, easy, pleased, possible, difficult, disappointed...


We can use either –ing or to + infinitive form after some verbs with different meanings
forget, regret, go on, try, mean, remember, stop

- The –ing form (gerund) functions like a noun and describes a general activity.
The to ..
form (infinitive) is a verb and indicates a particular action.

E.g.
Don’t forget to meet her at 10 this morning. (= You should meet her at 10…)
I’ll never forget meeting her for the first time. (= I’ll never forget when I met her the first time.)


We regret to tell you that your application has been rejected. (= We are sorry that we have to tell you…)
I regret telling her about the party. (= I am sorry that I have told her about the party.)

Wherever you are, go on to read the next chapter. (= Continue with the next chapter.)
Go on reading the article. (= Continue reading the article.)

I tried to give up smoking but I couldn’t. (= I made an attempt to give up smoking but I failed.)
I tried giving up smoking but it didn’t help. (= I gave up smoking but it didn’t help.)