Appunti e schemi FCE

Appunti, schemi, espressioni utili per affrontare il First Certificate in English (Writing, Use of English, Speaking) (7 pagine formato docx)

Appunto di coffee2711
We use the –ing form after
some verbs:  enjoy, suggest, avoid, admit, finish, can’t stand...
some prepositions: without, after, despite, about, upon, against...
two-part (and three-part) verbs: carry on, give up, put off, take up, keep on, end up...
some expressions: it’s no use, there’s no point (in), it’s not worth, pleased about, capable of, good at...

We use the to + infinitive form after
some verbs: decide, expect, plan, promise, offer, threaten...
some verbs + object: help someone, want something, tell someone, allow someone, ask someone, teach someone...
some adjectives: likely, easy, pleased, possible, difficult, disappointed...

We can use either –ing or to + infinitive form after some verbs with different meanings
forget, regret, go on, try, mean, remember, stop

- The –ing form (gerund) functions like a noun and describes a general activity.
The to ..
form (infinitive) is a verb and indicates a particular action.

Don’t forget to meet her at 10 this morning. (= You should meet her at 10…)
I’ll never forget meeting her for the first time. (= I’ll never forget when I met her the first time.)

We regret to tell you that your application has been rejected. (= We are sorry that we have to tell you…)
I regret telling her about the party. (= I am sorry that I have told her about the party.)

Wherever you are, go on to read the next chapter. (= Continue with the next chapter.)
Go on reading the article. (= Continue reading the article.)

I tried to give up smoking but I couldn’t. (= I made an attempt to give up smoking but I failed.)
I tried giving up smoking but it didn’t help. (= I gave up smoking but it didn’t help.)