Ricerca riguardante il muro di Berlino, scritta in inglese (1 pagine formato htm)
MURO DI BERLINO: RICERCA IN INGLESEBERLINER MAUER, barrier that surrounded West Berlin and prevented access to it from East Berlin and adjacent areas of East Germany during the period from 1961 to 1989. In the years between 1949 and 1961, about 2.5 million East Germans had fled from East to West Germany, including steadily rising numbers of skilled workers, professionals, and intellectuals. Their loss threatened to destroy the economic viability of the East German state. In response, East Germany built a barrier to close off East Germans' access to West Berlin (and hence West Germany).
COME ERA DIVISA BERLINO
This barrier, the Berlin Wall, was first erected on the night of Aug. 12-13, 1961, as the result of a decree passed on August 12 by the East German Volkskammer ("Peoples' Chamber"). The original wall, built of barbed wire and cinder blocks, was subsequently replaced by a series of concrete walls (up to 15 feet [5 m] high) that were topped with barbed wire and guarded with watchtowers, gun emplacements, and mines. By the 19! 80s this system of walls, electrified fences, and fortifications extended 28 miles (45 km) through Berlin, dividing the two parts of the city, and extended a further 75 miles (120 km) around West Berlin, separating it from the rest of East Germany.
QUANDO FU ABBATTUTO IL MURO DI BERLINO
The Berlin Wall came to symbolize the Cold War's division of East from West Germany and of eastern from Western Europe. About 5,000 East Germans managed to cross the Berlin Wall (by various means) and reach West Berlin safely, while another 5,000 were captured by East German authorities in the attempt and 191 more were killed during the actual crossing of the wall.