grammatica inglese

Appunto inviato da galatriel

un po' di grammatica inglese (tempi, passivo,discorsi indiretto....) scritta in inglese (2 pagine formato doc)

SIMPLE PAST: is used to describe finished actions and event in the past PAST SIMPLE: is used to describe finished actions and event in the past or past habits and states.
PAST CONTINUOS: is used to describe action in progress in the past and giving information about the back ground situation so it often used with the past simple to describe another action in progress. It is also used in participle clauses introduced by before, after and while. It can be used to describe a repeated action in the past that annoys the subject and finally a polite or uncertain meaning introduced by think, hope and wonder. PAST PERFECT: is used to describe a past action that happens before another past action (earlier) used to: is used to describe past habits or states that are no longer true and so make a strong contrast with the present.
would: is used to describe a person's typical activities in the past (repeated action) PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE : is used to describe recent events, that happened in the past but have a result in the present infact we also used just to underline the idea of recentness. It can also be used to describe event that haven't happened with the negative form and yet. It can be used to describe indefinite actions that refers to our life up to now (firs, second third…..time). It can describe a state or a repeated action that lasts up to the present. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOS: it can be used a state which lasts up to the present. The difference between Present Perfect simple and Present Perfect Continuous is little: we use the first if our attention is on present result, we use the second if our attention is on the action in progress. The verbs wait, sit, lie, stay prefer it. It represents that an action is not completed or finished recently PREDICTION: to make predictions will is used with a time expression. But it can also be used for instant decisions made at the time of speaking. FUTURE: INTENTION: to describe a present intention going to is used. This is something that you have already decided to do. But it can also used for predictions when we can see the cause of the event. PLANS: to describe definite and fixed arrangements the Present Continuous is used. The arrangement are often social arrangements or appointments. For fixed event based on timetable, programme or calendar, can be also used the Present Simple. FUTURE PERFECT: it looks back from a point in the future (By the time….) PRESENT SIMPLE: is used to describe habits and routines with a frequency adverb. It can also describe permanent facts in science and geography; or to make a summary of the events in a narrative (film or book). PRESENT CONTINUOS: is used to describe action which are in progress, temporary or not yet finished. It can also describe an habit that happens over a short period of time (with a time expression); or a single action that is repeated and which we complain and exaggerate. Some verbs called State Verbs aren't used in the continuos form like: