Oscar Wilde: riassunto

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Riassunto in inglese su Oscar Wilde: vita e opere (3 pagine formato doc)


Oscar Wilde.

He was born in Dublin in 1854. He is famous for his eccentricity. He became a follower of the Aesthetic movement. For Wilde, the Aestheticism was a search for the beautiful, a search of the relationship between painting, sculpture and poetry. Wilde became famous for his irony, his attitudes and his poses. His masterpiece is The picture of Dorian Gray. During his marriage, Wilde met Bosie wherewith he undertaken an homosexual relationship.
For this fact, he was sentenced to two-years of hard labour. He died of meningitis in Paris in 1900.
Wilde said that his life was a work of art, following the Aesthetic ideal. He lived as rebel and as dandy. The dandy is a bourgeois artist who remains a member of his class. For Wilde, the dandy is an aristocrat whose elegance is a symbol of the superiority of his spirit. Wilde’s interest in beauty had no moral stance.

Oscar Wilde: vita, opere e stile


Dorian Gray (Plot). Dorian Gray is a fascinating and lovely young man, whose beauty fascinates an artist, Basil Hallward, who, one evening paints him in his office where the story starts. Infact in the office Dorian meets the cynic and charismatic Lord, Henry Wotton, that reveals him the sense of beauty, that is the highest aspect of the genius, it is the biggest thing of the world, it is extraordinary but also temporary, so urges him to live his youth intensely. Driven by Wotton’s words Dorian, gives himself up to the search of unbridled passions and pleasures. Dorian doesn’t tolerate to gets old while the pictures of his friend Basil will not change.
So Dorian expresses the wish of the eternal youth and magically the sins of the age, experience and vice appear in the portrait. Dorian continues to live only for pleasure, making use of everybody and letting people die because of his insensibility as his lover, a actress, that kills herself because Dorian doesn’t manage to love her, and Basil Hallward that he considers responsible of the ugliness and kills. In the meantime the picture has the sins of the age and Dorian the sins of his moral corruption and decay and his picture become the mirror of his soul. Later Dorian wants to free himself of the portrait, witness to his spiritual corruption, and stabs it, but he mysteriously kills himself.
In the very moment of the death the picture returns to its original purity, and Dorian’s face becomes “withered, wrinkled, and loathsome”.


Preface. In the famous Preface of The Picture of Dorian Gray, a sort of poem, Wilde affirmed his concept of Art and the Artist.
The artist is a creator of beautiful things and the aim of art is to reveal itself but even to conceal the artist. The critic can translate his impression of art into another manner; criticism is actually a mode of autobiography. To find ugly meanings in beautiful things is a fault, while to find beautiful meanings in beautiful things is to be cultivated. However, there aren’t moral or immoral books: books are well written or badly written. That is all.
Moreover the artist doesn’t desire to prove anything and hasn’t ethical sympathies but he can express everything. He is always in accord with himself. Finally, Art doesn’t mirror life but the spectator, and is quite useless.
This preface expresses his view of art as the cult of beauty that could prevent the murder of the soul. Moreover the concept of Art for Art’s sake was to Wilde, still Victorian at heart, a moral imperative and not only an aesthetic one, in fact in the end he stressed the integrity and coherence of the artist saying that he must be in accord with himself.
Dorian’s hedonism.  Dorian spent many years collecting jewelry, clothing, textiles and making homosexual experiences (though not explicit) but being respected. It is becoming a symbolic figure. His appearance does not change but his portrait becomes increasingly monstrous and he is terrified to be discovered.