GEOFFREY CHAUCER E THE CANTERBURY TALES: RIASSUNTO
Geoffrey Chaucer was born in 1343, his father was a wine merchant of London.
The French period is characterized by the romantic stile:
• The Remount of the Rouse: spoke about courtly love.
• The Boke of the Duchesse: speak about on elegy where the knight are in grief for the loss of his wife.
The Italian period shows a great maturity for the use of the meters:
• The parlement of foules: speak about a genres of medieval literature.
• The house of fame: speak about a fantasy and wishes of human.
• The legend of good woman: speak about the consequences of love in the woman.
• Troylus and Criseyde: speak about the psychological insight into the development of thr characters.
The English period has a great realism with the Canterbury Tales and was written in Middle English that than was adapted by the new language.
THE CANTERBURY TALES: GEOFFREY CHAUCER
Canterbury Tales (1387)
The collection speak about a pilgrimage in spring where thirty people, including Chaucer himself, all provenience from different social classes, are going to Thomas Becket’s shrine in Canterbury.
They tell two stories while going to Canterbury, and two coming back. They gather at the Tobard Inn in London, and the best stories will have a prize, and the worse a penalty.
In this talem, that have various literary styles, emerge the cross-... The work consists of a General Prologue, where the pilgrims are introduced, and of 24 tales. The tales are preceded by a prologue and sometimes followed by an epilogue. The point of departure linked to wordly pleasures while the destination is holy. However, the work remained unfinished.
Chaucer intended to give a portrait of society as a whole, the presentation of the characters does not correspond to that established by the prevailing view of society of the period. The new factor is the individualisation, but the character is different from the medieval character.
Chaucer exploited all the main genres of medieval narrative: the parable, the beast feable, the fabliau and the romance. Realism is the most distinctive feature of the work, but also using exaggeration, caricature and grotesque. The pilgrimage is also a key metaphor for life from the religious sphere, in fact the pilgrims are on the way to the heavenly city. The real narrator are Chaucer himself, and he mix the real and the unreal certain.