Martin Luther King: biografia in inglese

Vita di Martin Luther King in inglese molto dettagliata, con le sue idee di libertà e il suo famoso discorso "I Have a Dream" (2 pagine formato doc)

Appunto di andrea2195


Martin Luther King.

Martin Luther King was born in Atlanta,Georgia,USA in 1929. On August 28,1963 the reverend Martin Luther King Jr. led a great peaceful march for civil rights to Washington D.C.:there were about 250,000 people.It was the most famous “March for Freedom”.There was no violent action,all were praying and singing and listeningto their leader.
 While he was a student a seminary in Philadephia,he became enthusiastic about the writings of Mahatma Gandhi. In 1954 he became the minister of a small Negro Church in Montgomery.
Here he carried out the first  non violent protest against racial discrimination:the mass boycott of the Montgomery bus company. The protest originated from a serious episode of intolerance: on december 1, 1955 a black women, Rosa Parks, was arrested because she had taken a seat reserved for white people on a bus. King advocated passive resistance: he wanted to assert black rights but with peaceful means.
Kings was arrested many times and his house  was destroyed by a bomb.


The terribile ku- klux-klan organized numerous punitive expeditions for the members of this pacifist movement. Despite all these difficulties, after the great march in Washington and above all thanks to help of the American President Kennedy, finally in 1964 Congress passed the Civil Right Act and in the same year King was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. In 1965 Congress passed the”Voting Rights Act” through which  the right to vote was extended to the Blacks. In 1968 King started another battle. Now his goal was to secure better jobs and living conditions,especially for the blacks who lived in ghattos. He went to Memphis to organize a new peaceful march. But, on April 4,while he was standing on the balcony of his hotel room,an assassin’s bullet put an and to his young life.


I Have a Dream”. I have a dream that one day this nation will raise and will implement the true meaning of his belief. "We believe that these truths are obvious, that all men are equal". I have a dream that one day on red hills of Georgia the Son of the slaves will be able to sit together at the table of the human brotherhood. I have a dream that one day even the state of the Mississippi, a State suffocated oppression, will be processed into oasis of freedom and justice. I haveA dream that my four children a day will live in a country where it will be judged in the colour of skin, but for their character for what they are). I have a dream that a day each Valley will be high, each Hill and any mountain will Esplanade, and that the places tortuous will be made easy and that the glory of the Lord will be collected and all the men will see together.