Martin Luther King

Appunto inviato da andrea2195

Vita di Martin Luther King in inglese molto dettagliata, con le sue idee di libertà e la sua famosa lettera "I Have a Dream" (2 pagine formato doc)

Martin Luther King was born in Atlanta,Georgia,USA in 1929.

On August 28,1963 the reverend Martin Luther King Jr.
led a great peaceful march for civil rights to Washington D.C.:there were about 250,000 people.It was the most famous "March for Freedom".There was no violent action,all were praying and singing and listeningto their leader.

While he was a student a seminary in Philadephia,he became enthusiastic about the writings of Mahatma Gandhi. In 1954 he became the minister of a small Negro Church in Montgomery. Here he carried out the first non violent protest against racial discrimination:the mass boycott of the Montgomery bus company.
The protest originated from a serious episode of intolerance: on december 1, 1955 a black women, Rosa Parks, was arrested because she had taken a seat reserved for white people on a bus. King advocated passive resistance: he wanted to assert black rights but with peaceful means.

Kings was arrested many times and his house was destroyed by a bomb. The terribile ku- klux-klan organized numerous punitive expeditions for the members of this pacifist movement. Despite all these difficulties, after the great march in Washington and above all thanks to help of the American President Kennedy, finally in 1964 Congress passed the Civil Right Act and in the same year King was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.