Riassunto in inglese sui seguenti argomenti: Age of anxiety, Modernism, new realism, interior monologue, James Joyce, Ulysses e analisi del brano "Ah yes!" (2 pagine formato doc)
AGE OF ANXIETY AND MODERNISM: RIASSUNTO
The age of anxiety - In the last two decades of the 19th century the positivistic faith in progress and science had led people believe that human misery would be swept away.The first World War left the country in a disillusioned and cynical mood. Nothing seemed to be right or certain; even science and religion seemed to offer little comfort. The first set of new ideas was introduced by Sigmund Freud with the power of the unconscious and the introduction of “relativity” in science by Albert Einstein. The problem that stay behind all these manifestation of uncertainty was the inability to arrive at a commonly accepted picture of Man. Modernism. The term Modernism refers to a movement which dominated the sensibility and aesthetic choices of the great artists. It implied an assumptions of introspection and technical skill. In painting Fauvism with its stress on the supremacy of color.
In 1907 Pablo Picasso and George Braque began to develop Cubism. After we have the Abstract Painting with Kandinsky, the Vorticism in England with Lewis and the Italian Futurism with Tommaso Marinetti. In music Igor Stravinsky with Fireworks and his first ballet The Firebird. A new realism The second decade of our century seen a shift from Victorian to modern novel. This change was characterized by a gradual transformation of British society. This new “realism” was influenced by French and Russians writers. Two factors that helped to produce the modern novel were the new concept of time and the new theory of unconscious. The novelist rejected omniscient narration, there is the creation of new narrative techniques, the stream of consciousness or interior monologue. It's possible to distinguish three groups of novelists: Psychological novelists who concentrated their attention on the development of character's mind the second group includes the modernist novelists like James Joyce or Virginia Woolf the social and political problems with writers like George Orwell
The interior monologue. The 20th century writers understood it was impossible to reproduce the complexity of the human mind using traditional techniques. Then they adopted the interior monologue to represent the activities of mind. The interior monologue is often confused with the stream of consciousness: in fact the former is the verbal expression of a psychic phenomenon, while the latter is the psychic phenomenon itself. The internal monolog was characterized by different forms like the soliloquy and the dramatic monologue. James Joyce James Joyce was born in Dublin in 1882, he was educated at the Jesuit schools. His most important work are Dubliners, A portrait of the Artist as a Young Man and Ulysses. Joyce set all his work in Ireland and in Dublin to give his home town literary importance, to give a realistic portrait to represent the whole man's mental, emotional and biological reality. Joyce was influenced by Jesuits and he was in conflict with the Church.