Drama in the Elizabethan Age

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Appunto in inglese: Elizabethan Age, society, man and nature, theatre, Christopher Marlowe. (4 pagine formato doc)

Drama in the Elizabethan Age: the prose and poetry of the Renaissance were intended for intellectual and refined people, for t Drama in the Elizabethan Age: the prose and poetry of the Renaissance were intended for intellectual and refined people; for this reason they didn't come “popular” literature.
Instead drama became the national literary manifestation of the time, thanks to numerous elements: -The Theatres were open to everybody, both aristocratic classes and lower ones; -People who were unable to read and write could understand the plays; -the theatre-going habit was widespread; -Humanism had introduced a new interest in classical drama; -there were many talented playwrights; -the commercial potential of the theatre was very great; -the theatre was patronized by the court and the aristocracy; -the shape of the theatre and stage was functional from a dramatic point of view; -the language used in plays was more direct and alive than that of poetry and prose; -Elizabethan England was in itself quite “theatrical”; besides the theatre was considered a true mirror of society. Society: during the Elizabethan Age, the society was characterized by a great variety of people: Catholics, Puritans, scientists, nobles, merchants, etc.
Each class played an important part which was connected with its individual social status. The old conception was even more necessary thanks to the need for order and stability in the Elizabethan Age. Society had to mirror the divine order of the universe, inside which man had to respect a precise hierarchy, at the top of which was God, followed by angels, men, animals, and inanimate objects. This model was riproduced in every “kingdom” of life, in each of which there was a “god”: the king among men, the lion among animals, the rose among flowers, gold among metals, etc. Man and nature: this idea of a social order in imitation of the divine one was the basis of the world's vision presents in Elizabethan theatre. In fact drama derived from the breaking of this order, since any action, that upset the harmonius balance of the universe was “dramatic” in itself. The new Elizabethan “hero”, full of passion and doubts, replaced the old allegorical character, providing new material for drama. In this way the relationship between the laws of man and those of nature was strongly emphasized. For example storms and other prodigious phenomena, that symbolized disharmony in the universe, now represented a consequence of criminal actions which brought chaos and anarchy to society. Language: even the language was influenced by the concept of hierarchy. For example to compare a monarch to the sun or to lion meant under-lined his precise role stressing his power. The use of metaphors was very diffused in the Elizabethan theatre, which had borrowed them from poetry with blank verse, which became the verse form most frequently used for plays.The blank verse, thanks to th