Riassunto in inglese sulla storia del dramma durante l'età elisabettiana: teatro, società, cultura e Christopher Marlowe (4 pagine formato doc)
DRAMMA NELL'ETA' ELISABETTIANA
Drama in the Elizabethan Age: the prose and poetry of the Renaissance were intended for intellectual and refined people; for this reason they didn’t come “popular” literature.Instead drama became the national literary manifestation of the time, thanks to numerous elements:
-The Theatres were open to everybody, both aristocratic classes and lower ones;
-People who were unable to read and write could understand the plays;
-the theatre-going habit was widespread;
-Humanism had introduced a new interest in classical drama;
-there were many talented playwrights;
-the commercial potential of the theatre was very great;
-the theatre was patronized by the court and the aristocracy;
-the shape of the theatre and stage was functional from a dramatic point of view;
-the language used in plays was more direct and alive than that of poetry and prose;
-Elizabethan England was in itself quite “theatrical”; besides the theatre was considered a true mirror of society.
ETA' ELISABETTIANA: SVILUPPO CULTURALE
Society: during the Elizabethan Age, the society was characterized by a great variety of people: Catholics, Puritans, scientists, nobles, merchants, etc. Each class played an important part which was connected with its individual social status.
The old conception was even more necessary thanks to the need for order and stability in the Elizabethan Age. Society had to mirror the divine order of the universe, inside which man had to respect a precise hierarchy, at the top of which was God, followed by angels, men, animals, and inanimate objects. This model was riproduced in every “kingdom” of life, in each of which there was a “god”: the king among men, the lion among animals, the rose among flowers, gold among metals, etc.
Man and nature: this idea of a social order in imitation of the divine one was the basis of the world’s vision presents in Elizabethan theatre. In fact drama derived from the breaking of this order, since any action, that upset the harmonius balance of the universe was “dramatic” in itself.
University Wits: durino the Elizabethan Age there was the dramatic production of a great number of playwrights who transformed the old medieval plays into new forms. They were young men who had a university education from Oxford and Cambridge bunched under the name of the University Wits. The most important of them was Christopher Marlowe.
ETA' ELISABETTIANA: RIASSUNTO BREVE IN INGLESE
-The Elizabethan theatre was the product of a perfect fusion of traditional elements, thanks to the influence of medieval drama, and classical elements through the influence of Seneca and Plauto.
-There was a mixture of comic and tragic elements in the same play;
-Drama lost its old function of catharsis, and became more deeply concentrated on the moral conflict between good and evil;
-The fate was replaced by free and personal chiose, according to the new spirit of the time.
ETA' ELISABETTIANA: TEATRO
CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE - Life: Marlowe was born in Canterbury in 1564. He studied at Canterbury and then at Cambridge. After that he almost certainly became a secret agent for the Qeen.
After leaving Cambridge, he went to live in London, where he made connections with a group of young intellectuals. Accused of murder, he was imprisoned but soon released.
Because of his dissolute life, his freethinking and his alleged profession of atheism, he was considered dangerous: for this reason the Privy Council decided to arrest him. Before he could be arrested Marlowe was killed in a tavern in 1593. Many persons believed that his death was not accidental but “planned” for political reasons.