Lewis Carroll e Walt Whitman

Appunto inviato da gluttonytheripper

Vita, opere, stile, interpretazioni e analisi di due opere celebri dei due scrittori: "Alice in wonderland" e "Leaves of grass" (2 pagine formato doc)


Life and works

Born in 1832 Lewis Carroll was the third child of eleven children in a family who produced magazines of parodies, games and puzzles.
He was educated at oxford university where he became good at math. His most famous children's story was "Alice's adventures in wonderland", published in 1865. This story was invented during a boat trip with his friend Henry George Liddell, to amuse his daughters, especially Alice with which he sympathizes. A second book followed this :"through the looking-glass and what Alice found there". These stories were considered unusual for the time and different from most children's books because it haven't a didactic purpose.
Only in 20th century were appreciated as philosophical works.


The plot

Alice in wonderland has no real plot. Alice, the protagonist, falls in a sleep and she dreams to fall down in a rabbit hole while she was pursuing a white rabbit in the garden. She emerges in a surreal and illogical world whose nature constantly change. Alice too begins to change, her body growing or shrinking depending what on what she eats. Alice meets a series of fantastical talking characters as: white rabbit, the mad hatter, the duchess, a mouse, a caterpillar... each of this characters seems to go against the logic of everything and Alice too seems to have forgotten everything she learned at school. The book ends when Alice was executed for some incompressible offence by the queen and as a witness she declares: "you are nothing but a pack of cards". At this point she wakes up beside her elder sister to whom she recounts her dream.

Alice and children's literature in the Victorian age

The Victoria period saw an explosion in children literature, which coincided with an assignation of a special status to childhood in middleclass society. In reality this had the purpose to prepare them for insertion in their assigned social role as adults. Their literature frequently took the form of an adventure or pilgrimage and through a series of transgression, punishment and rewards the child learned to discipline itself and grew up to accept its designated social identity. Carroll's work cannot be inserted into this paradigm. An important aspect of the book is the way as it parodies 19th century moral convention regarding children's literature. Alice in this fantastic world cannot remember any of her school lessons and often she tries to remember poems and rhymes she has learned but gets them all wrong but more amusing then the originals. The benign vision promoted by children's literature is replaced by a more realistic portrait. The duchess who believes there is a moral in everything can be seen as a caricature of Victorian tendencies and there are other link to the Victorian society.