Maria Montessori: biografia e libri

Biografia e libri di Maria Montessori: riassunto scritto in inglese e con traduzione in italiano (4 pagine formato doc)

Appunto di domy91star


Maria Montessori Life.

Maria Montessori was born on August 31, 1870. In 1894, she was the first woman to receive a medical degree from the Universiy of Rome. That same year she began to work with retarded children. In 1898, she was named Director of the Orthoprenic School in Rome. In 1899, she began to develop manipulative materials to stimulate and educated retarded children.
In 1901, she left the Orthofrenic School, and concluded that methods and materials that she had developed for retarded children could be used for normal children, too. From 1901 to 1907, she taught pedagogical anthropology at the University of Rome. In the 1907, she opened the first casa dei bambini in Rome, and she began training "directresses." In 1912, the first Montessori school was established in United States. In 1914, Maria Montessori published Dr. Montessori's Own Handbook. In 1929, she established the International Montessori Association. Maria Montessori died on May 6, 1952.

Maria Montessori: metodo educativo e critiche


MARIA MONTESSORI: LIFE AND WORK - Maria was born in Rome, Italy in 1870 to an upper middle class family. Her parents wanted her to be a housewife, as were most women of her generation, but Maria had other ideas. In 1896, she became the first female doctor in all Italy. It was very hard for her to become a doctor because all of the other doctors were men. The men made fun of her and threatened her. All she could do was block the out. Because of this, Maria never married.


After that she started working with disables children. Maria devised a new methods of education because she thought the method being used at the time was not serving the needs of the children. She observed that children have developmental periods in which they are primed to learn different things.
Her approach to teaching disables children was very different than anyone else's at time. Instead of the traditional methods that included reading and learning by heart, she taught the children by using concrete materials, which worked very well. Learning was not memorizing, but sensing and experiencing things. And her work led her to believe that the same mothods that she used to teach disabled children could be used for all children.
Maria opened a Casa dei Bambini or Children's House in the slums of Rome. She travelled through Europe, and returned to live in Italy after World War II had ended. Montessori had a big impact on education because her methods were different. She died in 1952, but her legacy with over 150 schools in United States, and many others in the rest of the world, lives on.