Vita, pensiero e opere principali di James Joyce: riassunto in inglese (2 pagine formato doc)
JAMES JOYCE: RIASSUNTO
James Joyce (1882-1941). Life.James Joyce was born in 1882 in Dublin. He was educated at Jesuit schools where he studied French, Italian, and German languages and literatures. He graduated in modern languages in 1902.
In 1900 he move away to London and after to Paris. His mother illness in 1903 brought him back to Dublin.
In June 1904 he met and fell in love with Nora Barnacle, a chambermaid in a hotel. In the same year they moved to Italy, in Trieste where Joyce began teaching English and made friend with Italo Svevo. Joyce and Nora had two children and married in 1931. Those years in Trieste were difficult because they have financial problems and Joyce was in trouble with publishers because of apparently obscene elements in his prose.
In 1914 he published “Dubliners”, a collection of short stories about Dublin's life.
JAMES JOYCE: PENSIERO
Vhen World War I broke out some friends help him to get away to Zurich and in 1920 he went to Paris where he remained twenty years. In those years he started to receive anonymous donations wigh enabled him to continue writing.
In 1939 Hitler's advances in Europe made the Joyce flee from France to Switzerland, where he died in 1941 because of a illnes.
The James Joyce's period is Modernism.
The Modernism is a movement tipically of English countries, started in 1900 to 1945. Most important writers of these movement, were: T.S. Eliot, James Joyce, Ezra Pound, Virginia Woolf, E. Hemingway.
Modernism were developed in the same years of other artistic avant-garde of first Twentieth century like futurism, dadaism, cubism and surrealism. The main features of Modernism were:
- new narattive technique
- use of simbols
- new themes (for example: sexuality)
- use of new narrative technique like stream of consciousness or interior monologue.
JAMES JOYCE IN INGLESE
Joyce narrative technique.
Joyce set all his works in Ireland. He want to give a realistic portrait of the life of ordinary people. Portraiyng the ordinary people, he represents the man's mental and emotional reality.
Joyce was a modernist writer: in his works the facts are explored from different point of view and are presented as “clues” and not through the voice of omniscient narrator. Joyce's novels started in the middle of the narration, with the analysis of a particular moment. Time is a subjective perception leading to psychological change. The description of Dublin derived from the character's mind floating, not from external reality.
Joyce believed in the impersonality of the artist and to render life objectively in order to give back to the readers a true image of it. This led to the isolation of the artist from society. In his works he don't want to express the author point of view, but he used different points of view and narrative techniques appropriate to the characters portrayed. Joyce used the free direct speech and the interior monologue. Reality became the place of psychological projection.
JAMES JOYCE DUBLINERS RIASSUNTO INGLESE
“Dubliners” (1914). Joyce want to give a realistic picture of Dubliners as afflicted people.
“Dubliners” consist of fifteen short stories: what holds all these stories together is a particular structure and the presence of the same themes, symbols and narrative techniques.
The stories have a thematic sequence, they can be divided in four sections: Childhood, Youth, Adulthood and Public Life.At the end there is an epilogue named “the dead”.
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