Narrators and point of view

Spiegazione e descrizione dei vari tipi di narratore e punti di vista nella lettraura (in lingua inglese, molto accurato) (3 pagine formato doc)

Appunto di lubbestia
Narrators and point of view

In fiction the author does not address the reader directly.
He creates a narrator whose voice we hear as we read the story. It is from the narrator's point of view that we see events unfold. The narrator may be a strong presence in the text commenting on and interpreting the material he presents or, at the other end of the spectrum, he may be almost invisible, simply allowing the story to present itself.

Narrators are divided into two broad categories: first-person narrators and third-person narrators. The category of third-person narrators is divided into three subcategories: omniscient, limited and drammatic objective.

Stream of consciousness, a relatively recent development in narrative technique, may bea n extension of either first or third-person narratives.

First-person narrators

First-person narrators, who refer to themselves as "I", tell stories in which they are directly involved.
In a first-person narrative the reader's vision of the story, or point of view, is limited to what the narrator himself knows, experiences, infers or has learned second-hand from others.

First-person narratives are, by definition, subjective. The only thoughts and feelings that first-person narrators experience directly are their own. The reader can never expect to see characters and events as they actually are, but only as they appear to the "I" narrator. Therefore special attention should be paid to the personality of the first narrators.

In certain first-person narratives the reader can understand more than the narrator himself. This is often the case when the narrator is a child or a not very perceptive adult. By contrasting the narrator's perception of events and the reader's more informed views, the author can humour or irony.

The first-person narrative is commonly associated with non-fictional literary forms such as biographies, memoirs or diaries. When used in fictional works it lends authenticity to the story. It is also perhaps the most effective form of storytelling for getting the reader intellectually and emotionally involved.