la nascita del romanzo nella letteratura inglese e i maggiori scrittori (2 pagine formato doc)
THE RISE OF THE NOVEL RIASSUNTO - The rise of the novel. At the end of the 18th century a new literary genre started developing all over Europe: the Novel.It was a revolution whose roots were as old as the other literary genres. In fact, this new way of writing borrowed many narrative forms from other genres, such as diaries, biographies of adventurers, travellers' tales and so on. But now let's focus our attention on the main causes of the naissance and of the success of the novel: The augmentation of learned people, thanks to the increasing number of schools and the introduction of the compulsory school system. The proliferation of newspapers, such as the Tartler and the Observer, made people more learned and interested, so they started asking for more books and readings to improve their education and cultural knowledge.
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THE RISE OF THE NOVEL RIASSUNTO INGLESE - People needed a new sort of entertainment, since theatres had been closed. The need of a new literary genre (apparently) more simple than poetry, but anyway able to convey important messages. The increase in the number of circulating libraries, which permitted people to borrow books with little expense. The improvement in printing technology that induced books to be cheaper and faster to print. Anyway, Novel acquired its definitive organic structure, thanks to some important writers: DANIEL DEFOE: he created the first “fictional world”, combining fictional material with his great realism in describing places. His two most important works are Robinson Crusoe and Moll Flanders.
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THE RISE OF THE NOVEL IN ENGLAND: RIASSUNTO ROBINSON CRUSOE - Robinson Crusoe: this famous novel is based on the real story of Alexander Selkirk, a Scottish mariner, who shipwrecked on the desert island of Juan Fernandez, where he remained four years. Deriving his inspiration from this fact, and adding his own experiences as a merchant and a journalist, Defoe succeeded in building up the perfect portrait of the English middle class man of that period: a self-made man, intelligent, clever, with a great faith in God and strong abilities, that let him overcome any difficulty (Homo economicus). Moll Flanders: that's to say the story of a prostitute, living in the underworld of London, who manages to regain her respectability, thanks to her strong will and capacities. Leggi anche The rise of the novel: riassunto e analisi