Victorian poetry, the dramatic monologue,Aestheticism,Decadence,Victorian drama a

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Victorian poetry and the dramatic monologue:
During Victorian’s reign poetry became more concerned with social reality; this meant the creation, on the one hand, of a monumental poetry linked to the myth and on the other, of a poetry of anti-myth and disbelief which had to solve the ethical problems.

the new figure of the poet was that of a prophet and a philosopher: people expected that a poet could reconcile faith and progress. The major poets of the age were: Alfred Tennyson, who was appointed Poet Laureate; Robert Browning, who is remembered as an original creator of characters in his best dramatic monologues; Elizabeth Barrett Browning; Gerard Manley Hopkins, noted in particular for his sprung rhythm (it is a type of poetic rhythm characterized by metrical feet or regular composition, each having one strongly stressed syllable and an indefinite number of unstressed syllable); Arnold, who used poetry to express his dissatisfaction with the state of things. Pre-Raphaelites tried to react against a society which destroyed the beauty of nature.
They tended to see poetry and material progress as opposites, and they didn’t try to reach a compromise between the two.
The dramatic monologue:
In order to be a dramatic monologue, a poem must be a narrative poem with a speaker- the first person singular I Which stands for a single character different from the poet himself- and a silent listener, the reader. The poem usually reveals the speaker’s crucial moment of crisis thus showing great interest in human psychology. There is the presence of different points of view since the speaker must be judged only on his own words.