riassunto del libro "World Englishes" - Implications for international communication and English language teaching - Cambridge University Press (10 pagine formato pdf)
World Englishes: riassunto - Native or Nativised? Classification Criteria
The native variety:
– has been around for a long time (AmEng?)
– has influenced younger varities (AmEng?)
– is spoken by a white native speaker
– is superior (the older, the better)
Varieties of English are all nativised , i.e. influenced by the local cultures and languages of the people who have developed the particular variety.
In the ELT context: BrEng a better model than Malaysian English because it represents ‘proper’ English? Both nativised in the sense that they reflect their own cultures! Lingua francas
Leggi anche Grammar reference, irregular verbs
he common language used by people of different language backgrounds to
communicate with each other…
… within countries (Bahasa Indonesia, Mandarin Chinese, Ki-Swahili , etc.)
Native Speaker vs Non-Native Speaker
Mother tongue speaker; first language speaker vs foreign language speaker; second
language speaker .
Bloomfield: ‘The first language a human being learns to speak is his native language he is a native speaker of this language’ (1933: 46).
‘One learns to understand and speak a language by hearing and imitating native
speakers.’Shifting L1 multilingual societies
* Native Speaker vs Non-Native Speaker
Leggi anche Present simple, past simple, present continous
Terms coined by linguists who grew up in monolingual societies and assumed these societies represented the norm.
A native-speaking speaker of English from England may lack communicative competence in Australia (but also south/north).
- Better ‘L1’ meant as the language the speaker is most proficient in. Or ‘expert user’ (Rampton 1990).
Leggi anche Costruzioni grammaticali e sintattiche inglesi