Riepilogo in lingua inglese della vita, delle opere principali e il pensiero del poeta e pittore inglese William Blake (2 pagine formato doc)
VITA E OPERE DI WILLIAM BLAKE: RIASSUNTOWilliam Blake was born in London in 1757 and when he was 10 years old, his father sent him to a drawing school where he became interested to the works of Michelangelo; he started to drawn the monuments in the old churches of London, especially Westminster Abbey. In this period he studied at the Royal Academy of arts and married Catherine Boucher, who helped him in his work as an engraver. The William Haley offered him patronage, but their relationship wasn’t successful in fact Blake spent the rest of his life in poverty. He died in 1827, but after his death some critics understood his qualities.
Main Work: his works can be divided into 3 groups, but the earliest ones are the best known:
-Poetical Sketches, in which he refuses Augustan taste and is influenced by Shakespeare and Milton;
-Songs of Innocence, in which the childhood is the symbol of innocence;
-Songs of Experience, in which there is a pessimistic view of life;
-The Marriage of Heaven and Hell, in which Hell and Satan represent liberty and energy;
-The French Revolution;
-The Visions of the Daughters of Albion;
-America, that is a political work.
WILLIAM BLAKE: PENSIERO
The second group of works shows Blake’s elaboration of a personal mythology and the third one his mythological conception, in fact they are called “prophetic books”.
Influences on Blake’s works. The two most important influences in Blake’s life were the Bible and Milton because of their total vision of the world.
Complementary opposites. Blake regarded Christianity and the Church as responsible for the fragmentation of man’s life; he substituted a vision made up of “complementary opposites”, in fact he believe that Reason, Energy, Love, Hate and Repulsion are necessary to human existence and these states consist in the figure of the Creator.
Imagination and the poet. Blake believed that men could know the world thanks to the imagination, which is called “the Divine Vision” that means “to see more” into the life things.
WILLIAM BLAKE: RIASSUNTO IN INGLESE
Blake’s interest in social problems. Blake supported the abolition of slavery and believed in French Revolution as purifying violence for redemption of man, later, he payed attention on the Industrial Revolution because he didn’t approve the injustices caused by a materialistic attitude.
Symbolism. His poems present a very simple structure and a use of symbols, in fact he anticipated the great Romantic poets. These symbols are: the child, the father and the Christ, whiches represent the states of innocence and experience.