The age of Revolutions (1776 - 1830): Emotion versus Reason The age of Revolutions (1776 - 1830): the Industrial Revolution recreated the social and political situation of Britain, British colonies became in America a new and free nation, French Revolution extended its ideas of freedom and equality in Europe.
Romanticism: Reaction against the important role of the reason in the ages before with the supremacy of individual feelings and emotions. A new way to see the role of man in the Universe. A growing interest in humble and everyday life. Great attention to the country. The rediscovery of the art and popular traditions of the Middle Ages (Gothic vogue: horrific, irrational, supernatural).
A child was very pure, because he wasn't still civilisation and he was closer to God. The Imagination was a way to express emotional experience far from the reason. It was exalted the individualism, so the rebel, outcast and atypical. Nature wasn't an abstract idea or something submitted by man, but was seen as a real concrete part of man's life, something that exist. The country was the place where man's relationship with nature was still intact in contrast of industrial town. Childhood was accompanied by the willingness to explore less conscious aspect of feelings. Jean - Jacques Rousseau (1712 - 1778) though that natural or individualism behaviour were good and society with its rules represented an obstacle for it. The cult of exotic was anything that was exotic, because it was strange and unpredictable. It was far away both in space and time, because the inexplicable became symbols for modes of humane experience. Romantic (18 th) The Rise of the novel (17 th) Nature Industry town Feelings, emotions Faith in the reason Individualism The society Humble and everyday life Aristocratic life Nature as a real living Something which man could rule Lyrical Ballads ? William Wordsworth 1798 ? Fist edition without the Preface 1800 ? with Preface (First Document): explains role and theme of this poetry. lines 1 - 9 ? the author's objective is to describe situation from common life and make them interesting lines 9 - 18 ? the subject of poetry is low and rustic life. lines 18 - 35 ? the language of poetry is less under the influence of society vanity and it's more simple and unelaborated. Lines 36 - 44 ? the writer thinks contemporary poets are snobbish and higher than the Romantic ones. Lines 45 - 64 ? the poets qualities compared with common men he has greater sensibility, tenderness, enthusiasm, comprehensive and knowledge of human nature. Lines 65 - 66 ? the definition of poetry: the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings, it origin is from emotions recollected in tranquillity. Lines 67 - 74 ? the working of poet imagination: Sensory experience Emotions Emotions are recollected in tranquillity Contemplation of emotions Production of similar emotions Poetry The language is: complex, concrete, didactic, specific, formal. The speaker is inside the text The memory