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Trama e analisi del romanzo, vita di Mary Shelly in inglese (1 pagine formato doc)

THE GOTHIC NOVEL: THE GOTHIC NOVEL: -great importance to terror and horror -atmosphere of gloom, oppression and mystery -ancient settings, like isolated castles, mysterious abbeys and convents -use of supernatural beings, like vampires, monsters, ghosts and witches -complicated plot FRANKENSTEIN: Mary Shelly was born in 1797, the daughter of Mary Wollstonecraft and William Godwin.
Both her parents had been heavily influenced by the ideas of the French Revolution; their house was visited by some of the most famous writers of the day, like Percy Shelley. Percy and Mary fell in love with each other and in July 1814 they fled to France; later Shelly decided to rent a country house on the Lake Geneva, near Villa Diodati.
It was there that the writing of Frankenstein took place. When Percy died, Mary returned to England. She did in 1851. THE PLOT: Frankenstein, a Swiss scientist, manages to create a human being, by joining parts selected from corpses. The result of the experiment is revolting and horrible; the Monster becomes a murder and, in the end, he destroys his creator. The story is not told chronologically and it is introduced to us by some letters that Walton, a young explorer on a voyage of expedition to the North Pole, writes to Margaret, his sister. THE INFLUENCE OF SCIENCE: M. Shelley dedicated it to Godwin and she used many of the ideas held by her parents, including social justice and education. She sympathizes with the monster but she is afraid of the consequences of his actions: there is tension between the fear of revolution and interest in the revolutionary ideas. Both Percy and Mary were interested in science, and particularly, in chemistry, so that she was aware of the latest scientific theories and experiments of the day in the fields of chemistry, evolutionism and electricity; in fact F. tries to create a human being throughout the use of electricity and chemistry without respecting the rules of nature, overcoming human limits. LITERARY INFLUENCES: The Monster can be considered Rousseau's natural man, a man in a primitive state, not influenced by civilization. The ghosts stories read at Villa Diodati provided a stimulus even F. differs from the Gothic tradition, since it is not set in a dark castle. Important influence was the work of the Romantic poets. The myth of Prometheus is also important: Prometheus was a giant who stole he fire from Gods in order to give it to men. In so doing, he challenged the divine authority and freed men from Gods' power. He is a clear example of an overreacher, just like Dr. Frankenstein. NARRATIVE STRUCTURE: The story is told by different narrators: at first, Walton informs her sister then F. informs W., who informs her sister finally the monster informs F., who informs W., who informs her sister All the novel has Margaret as receiver, but there are three different points of view. The form of the novel is epistolary. THEMES: the quest for forbidden knowledge the overreacher (doctor Frankenstein and