Vita, caratteristiche e opere di Thomas Hardy. in lingua inglese. (3 pagine formato doc)
Thomas Hardy (1840-1928) Thomas Hardy (1840-1928) Life Family humble origin (“Little better than peasants”), son of a builder, later he pretended to came from an important family. His parents his father was a musician and his mother was interested in literature and folk ballads that H. inherited. School he left it at 16 and he was an apprenticed to a local architect, he continued to study alone. Jobs architect, poet, novelist. Love marriage with Emma Giffort, though Emma's family was suspicious of his humble origins. After an unsuccessful marriage Emma died in 1912. Hardy rediscovered his love for her after her death and began an extraordinary series of poem about her. H. married again in 1914 with Florence Dugdale (writer of children's books) who was 40 years younger than him. H. was rejuvenated by this 2nd marriage though the effect on Florence was the opposite. Features and Themes The Wessex novel his regionalism is strictly connected to the limited area of the Dorsetshire that he called “Wessex”(in Anglo-Saxon times, Wessex was one of the 7 kingdoms established in England and covered the South-western part of the country between the Tames and the South coast): a unifying element and a link between past and present, a country under the impact of modern industrial life. Nature Wessex provided him with rural landscape and natural environment (such as Wordsworth). It's an essential part in the story, it's the co-protagonist with the characters. Indifferent to man's destiny, a hostile power, it came to mean something different from the Romanticism (Joy and Consolation). Love he believed passionately in the spiritual power of Love, but also to the fact that such love could not survive the day-to-day nearness of marriage. Love often ends in disillusion and failure destroyed often by Fate. Socialism and Social Class he remained a socialist throughout his life. He was impatient in his own social class and made great efforts to educate himself in order to escape from the class into which he was born. He didn't deny the values in which he had lived (a strong emotional attachment to the set of a value) but also a wish to move away in his own intellectual life. Progress and Poverty Dorget was one of the poorest of English counties but its isolation from the outside world means that local customs and tradition were preserved unusually strongly there with the railway things loss the sense of belonging to a particular place and felt little sympathy for the machines. At the same time he was realistic to understand that progress could change the economy and the isolation of the country. Religion his attitude to religion was contradictory: he was brought up as a Christian. In the late 20's this faith disappeared. Though he rejected Christianity intellectually, he was never thiless throughout his life influenced by and attracted to, his childhood faith. He rejected Christian doctrine and the Bible. Sources Darwin, Schopenhauer and Mill.