Caratteristiche del fenomeno del modernismo inglese: riassunto in inglese (2 pagine formato pdf)
MODERNISMO INGLESE: RIASSUNTO DI LETTERATURA INGLESE
The Modernism is a complex movement which started after the 1910 and involved all forms of art, from literature and music, to visual art and cinema.A fundamental aspect of the Modernism is the desire to break with the tradition which came before it, in particular the values and the stand points of the Victorian Age. Therefore, the modernists made up a sort of revolution against the previous Age, but they weren’t the firsts to do that, in fact this sort of revolution had been already begun during the Decadentism. This revolution carried out by modernists was due to the fact that people wanted to create new tools in order to grasp and interpret the new reality. The artist himself was looking for new tools, new experiences and he carried out a spiritual and psychological quest. So there was the need to redefine the man, the intellectual, the artist and there was the necessity to destroy the tradition of the Victorian Age.
MODERNISMO INGLESE: LETTERATURA
The Modernism rejected all the past tradition except three periods: 1-MIDDLE AGES; 2-GIACOBINE PERIOD; 3-ENLIGHTMENT. These were the only three sources of the Modernism.
The intellectual wanted to recreate everything thanks to the new discoveries carried out in different fields of knowledge. In the field of PSYCHOLOGY, for example, SIGMUND FREUD in his “Interpretation of dreams” claims: 1- that there’s an unconscious side in a man that regulates his behaviours and relations; 2- that in every man there’s a free association of thoughts; 3- that every experience can be reviled in every moment of our life, thanks to the REMEMBRANCE; 4- that the most significant level of experience in a man is the unconscious, that can’t be accessed except through dreams and that governs much of man’s conscious behaviour; 5- that man’s childhood experience has a great influence on his adult behaviour, because the memory of his childhood is conserved in his unconscious and so it continues to influence his adult self; 6- that a man organizes the information he receives from the outside according to his own interior experience, and so his perception of reality is fundamentally subjective.
The notion of psychology wasn’t new and the unconscious had been already analyzed, but Freud was the first who did a theoretical and serious studies of it. Freud’s ideas caused a twist in the individual, because now the man couldn’t be any longer a simple and united entity, but a multiplied and complex one. What’s more, the new discoveries promoted by Freud were used by several modern writers, such as James Joice.
Another important figure in this period was CARL GUSTAV JUNG. In his book “The psychology of unconscious” (written in 1912) he discovered that there’s not only a private unconscious, but also a common and collective one, that belongs to a social group that shares a common background.