Sintesi di tre autori della letteratura inglese del pre-romanticismo e romanticismo (in inglese). (4 pg - formato word) (0 pagine formato doc)
WILLIAM WORDSWORTH (1770-1850) WILLIAM BLAKE (1757-1827) LIFE -He was born in London in 1757 -He was the so of a hosier -He went to a drawing school love for the Gothic style -He was a visionary man he often saw God and the angels -He spent his life in poverty and obscurity -He died in 1827 THEMES -Exaltation of art as a creative vision of the world ( not imitation ) -Sympathy with the sufferings of the poor -He attacked the values of the 18th century -Freedom: “man is born free and everywhere he is in chains” (Rousseau) exaltation of the American and French revolutions -Opposition to any type of institution, including Church and State -He supported the vindication of women's rights -Religion: God is inside men and it is the creative and spiritual power in men (imagination) pantheism -Romantic myths: - childhood - democracy - nature seen with objectivity -The poet is a prophet who has to show his generation the world of imagination : we live in a world of illusions ( five senses, chaos, reason…) but the real world is that of imagination (harmony) where men can see the reality beyond the visible world.
WORKS Blake's lyrical poems alternate harshly realistic and satirical descriptions of the squalor of the contemporary world with visions of the spiritual world ( infinite and eternal ).
In Songs of innocence Blake describes the condition of a child who, for his innocence due to his young age, is still close to his divine origin. But man can't remain a child forever and, growing, he must know not only joy, but also sorrow and must be tested by experience. Innocence and experience are both in the human soul and they are mixed differently in men and children: they are complementary (see “The Lamb” and “The Tiger”). Songs of innocence: simple language, repetitions, pleasant and joyful tone. Songs of experience: difficult and negative words, indignant tone. WILLIAM WORDSWORTH (1770-1850) LIFE -He was born in the Lake District -He lost his mother when he was 8 and his father when he was 13 -He died in 1850 THEMES The natural landscape of the Lake District influenced him strongly, nature aroused in him strong emotions and his poetic composition took place from the recollection in tranquillity of these emotions. - Poetry describes incidents and situations from simple rustic life, transfigured by imagination and reflecting the way people think in a state of excitement. The preference for humble life follows from the assumption that men are better when closer to nature, far from the artificialities of civilization. - Poetry should use a familiar, simple language (the language of men in the middle and lower classes) because humble country people live in communion with their objects from which language originates and voice their feelings in a more immediate forceful way. - The poet has to reach the essence of things and communicate them in a simple language; he is a moral teacher. The creative process starts from an e