Reason and common sense.

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Reason and common sense Reason and common sense When Queen Anne died George of Hanover became king, under the name of George I, he was the first of Hanover dynasty.
He could speak no English an preferred Germany to England, so he was unpopular. His accession has come to be considered the beginning of the Augustan Age for the political stability and power as well as a flourish of the arts that remember the roman period. The values was wise traditionalism, elegance and wit. The political institutions were hierarchical, hereditary and privileged. Elections were largely controlled by the local landowners since voting was not secret. Eighteenth-century society championed individualism, seizing opportunities in sector of economy which provided scope for initiative, enterprise and enrichment.
This Age was in many way open and free. Enlightened thinkers (Locke, Addison and Goldsmith) rejected the strict and pessimistic values of Puritanism. They believe in the new view of the world with affirmed free-will, salvation for all, the goodness of mankind, and its capacity for progress. Many people claimed the right to personal fulfilment, gayety and fun. They trusting on their own and reason made them different from beast. This vision of the world accounts for the essential qualities the Augustans looked for in literature. They were interested in real life, in recognisable facts of their own existence. In Arts were a desire for balance, symmetry and refinement, connected with imitation of nature. Virtue had to particular meanings: 1) Disposition of benevolence towards oneself and others 2) culture of the heart, sensibility and private judgement. The first Hanoverians There were two political parties: the Tories (Conservative) they descended by Royalist, taken their name from Irish outlaws and believe in divine right of monarchy and opposed the religious toleration; the Church of England and landowners side with them. They enjoyed a period of power during the reign of Queen Anne but decline with Hanoverian succession; The Whigs (rude name for “cattle drivers”) descended from Parliamentarians they were in power for 56 years under Hanover and pressed for industrial and commercial development, a vigorous foreign policy and religious toleration. They were supported by many of wealthy and commercial classes. Whigs minister use meet without the king, this meeting take name of Cabinet. At first al minister were equal but after one of them began to lead the other; Prime minister. -Robert Walpole was the first prime minister, he was a Whigs, son of Norfolk landowners. He was in power for over 20 years. His policy keep out England from foreign conflict so that trade could flourish and taxes could be kept down. He remove duties on export and import of raw material, but taxed chocolate, coffee and the. He was accused of corruption by the opposition, but he survived a change of king. The new King relied more on Walpole and gave him hose in Westminster. Under Wa