The reign of Queen Victoria

File in lingua inglese riguardante storia e cultura del Victorian age: da Charles Dickens a Charles Darwin, The Late Victorian Novel e Oscar Wilde. (0 pagine formato doc)

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SCIENCE AND EVOLUTION The Victorian Age (1837-1901) historical background The Victorian Age, so called after the long reign of Queen Victoria, is a very complex period.
It was an age full of contradiction: it was a time of prosperity, of progress and expansion, but also of social and ec­onomic inequality. Literature, concerning itself more and more with political and social problems (reflects the various and contrasting aspects of the time). This long period was dominated by the personality of Queen Victoria. The Victorian age spans through a longer period than Queen Victoria's reign In fact, some events which took place before her coming to the throne had a great influence on the social history of the period. Among them of paramount impor­tance was the passing of the Reform Bill, which ex­tended the franchise to larger part of the middle-class and the repeal of the Corn Law which, making corn cheaper, enabled the enterprises to pay lesser wages.
Never before had England known such economic devel­opment. All these changes implied deep social transformation. The merchant class and the working classes started to acquire a new consciousness. Victorian England was the scene of various radical and social movements as Chartism and Fabian Society. Economic prosperity had changed the general conditions of life, but there was still much social injustice. In mines and fac­tories there was a cruel reality (even women and children), only partly assuaged by the regula­tions stated in the Factory Acts. The Great Exhibition (1851), which took place in the enormous Crystal Palace, that became a symbol of the new age. On the other hand, the progress of science created deep controversies. Darwin's theory of evolution (“The Origin of Species”) and the diffusion of Positivism completely revolutionized man's conception and created a conflict between science and religion. Even cultural life developed The abundance of newspapers and magazines, the diffusion of books, certainly contributed to the diffusion of edu­cation. - the victorian novel Novelists were encouraged and stimulated by the contact with the public (novels were often published serially in magazines and newspapers) and the novel became a powerful for conveying the new social, political and intellectual problems. In the Victorian period there were some of the major English nov­elists such as Charles Dickens, the Brontes, George Eliot. - the victorian compromise The Victorian compromise is the particulary situation which saw prosperity and progress on the one hand, and poverty and injusty on the other. This particular situation opposed ethical conformism to corruption, moralism and philantropy to capitalistic greedness. Charles Dickens (1812-1870) Charles Dickens is considered one of the greatest novelist of he English literature. Dickens was a man of his age, but, at the same time, he has also some distinctive characteristics, as a great sense of humour and an inexhaustible fertility. Early lif