Il Rinascimento inglese e Shakespeare: riassunto in inglese (7 pagine formato doc)
RINASCIMENTO INGLESE E SHAKESPEARE: RIASSUNTO
The Renaissance. During the 15th century developed the Humanism; is a cultural movement began in Italy, that take inspiration from Greek and roman tradition with the examination of the classics, and also aim at the valorisation of man and of his earthly characteristics.The ancient literature was studied to recover a thought and a sensibility expressed without any theological influence. This movement started by Humanism was called Renaissance, to refer to a born of the man with his creative and critics qualities. Approximately, we can say that Renaissance takes a period from 1485, during the reign of Henry VII to 1660, the beginning of restoration. In this period rose new cultural centres, like academies and courts, in which born maecenatism. The English Renaissance developed later than in the other parts of Europe, and distinguished as an original movement; infect if influence in Italy was immense in every sphere, England struggled to free itself from this foreign force which it identified with Rome and the papacy.
IL RINASCIMENTO INGLESE RIASSUNTO
The “New Learning”, called also Humanism was established in many Grammar Schools but also in the universities of Oxford and Cambridge. Humanism encouraged confidence in the power of human reason to interpret Man and Nature, using literature as an instrument, but first of all using English language as a literary medium. English humanists improved English vocabulary and syntax to put their language on a par with European vernaculars.
ENGLISH RENAISSANCE AND THE SONNET RIASSUNTO
The Sonnet. The renaissance is considered the golden age of poetry because of the flourishing of songs and sonnets during the period. The Sonnet came from Italy, were it had been experimented by Dante, Petrarch, whose Canzoniere had become the model of all European Renaissance poets, and thanks to Surry and Wyatt arrived also in England. This Italian collection contains all the characteristics of the sonnet sequences: love sought, love satisfied but, above all, love of a lady who cannot return the love’s poet. It is the poetry of the great passion for beauty and for the perfection of the form, and these elements were often represented by the figure of the woman. This psychology of love creates one of the most important paradoxes: the lover begs for the lady’s love yet does not wish her to surrender. The language of the sonnet is full of these paradoxes: the lady is beautiful yet cruel, desirable but chaste, etc... In many sonnets love for the woman turns into love for God; this is one reason why the sonneteers expects no psychological consummation of this love, which must remain pure and idealised. As a metrical form, the sonnet is composed of 14 lines. The Italian or Petrarchan sonnet is divided into one octave plus a sestet. The octave generally presents an issue or a situation, while the sestet contains the solution to the problem or personal reflection. After a period of evolution, the English sonnet was identified with the Shakespeare model. The Shakespeare sonnet consists of three quatrains and a final couplet; through this structure, the poet can use the quatrains to present a theme or three different arguments, and make a conclusion in the final couplet. Elizabethan sonneteers showed their ability in the use of conceits. A conceit is an elaborated poetic image that gives depth and variety to an opinion; it generally startles the reader, who must be a member of a cultivated public.