Oscar Wilde: riassunto della vita in inglese

Oscar Wilde: riassunto della vita e opere in inglese, con approfondimento de "Il ritratto di Dorian Gray" (2 pagine formato doc)

Appunto di luca2386


Oscar WildeOscar Wilde was born in 1854 and grew up in an intellectually bustling Irish household.

His mother was a poet who wrote under the pen name Speranza and who had a considerable following; his father was a renowned physician with an interest in myths and folklore.  At Oxford he won a coveted poetry award and came under the influence of the late nineteenth century aesthetic movement. He found its notions of "art for art's sake" and dedicating one's life to art suitable to his temperment and talents.
Oscar Wilde had a desire to make himself famous and set off to London to do just that.  From 1878 to 1881 Oscar Wilde became well known for being well known despite having any substantial acheivements to build on.


He insinuated himself into the class of people he labelled as "the beautiful people", wore outrageous clothes, passed himself off as an art critic and aesthete, and built a reputation for saying shocking things and doing ammusing ones. If one tells the truth, one is sure sooner or later to be found out. His natural wit and good humour endeared him to the art and theatre world and through his lover Frank Miles he found easy entry into the cliques that frequented London's theater circuit and drawing rooms.  He became a much-desired all-purpose party guest and, with his velvet coat, knee breeches, silk stockings, pale green tie, cane, shoulder-length hair, loose silk shirts and the lily he occasionally carried through Piccadilly Circus, much talked about and satirized.


His popularity and flamboyance led to his being chosen as an advance publicity man for a new Gilbert and Sullivan operetta, Patience, that spoofed aesthetes like himself, and which paid him one third of the box office receipts.  In 1882 he arrived in New York City and began a year long tour of North America. When a customs inspector asked him if he had anything to declare he replied, "Nothing but my genius." At 28 he lectured in 70 American and Canadian cities on the arts and literature. His performances were as wildly popular as his audiences were varied: he spoke to Mormons in Salt Lake City, silver miners in Colorado, West Coast literati in San Francisco, farmers in Kansas, and swung through Ontario and Quebec.  When he returned from America he had tired of being the Great Aesthete and returned to more conventional dress. He toured, wrote two unsuccessful plays and a well received collection of children's fairy tales, married, fathered two sons and took a position as editor of Woman's World, a monthly magazine for which he wrote literary criticism.