Augustan age: riassunto

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l'età Augustea in Inghilterra e l'Illuminismo inglese (2 pagine formato doc)

AUGUSTAN AGE RIASSUNTO - The English Renaissance ends with the dead of Elizabeth I, a great supporter of the drama, the literature and the arts.

During the reign of queen Anne (1702-1714) broke out the succeeded war in Spain that ended with the Utrecht peace and the beginning of the slave trades. After the Glorious Revolution, Britain wants to be sure that its king is protestant: George of Hanover, a German protestant noble, becomes king in 1714, in order to prevent a return from Scotland of the Catholic successor of James II.


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AUGUSTAN AGE RIASSUNTO INGLESE - Fear of continued to play a significant politic role till 1746. George I was a very unpopular king, in fact he had never learned English and he established a liberal oligarchy. During his reign the Prime Minister was Sir Robert Walpole: he encouraged the trade and the industrial by abolishing export duties and decrease import duties of row materials. In the 1727 George II succeeded the father and he reigned till 1760, a period of great expanding of colonies possessions, in particularly in India and North America. He availed himself of the help of William Pitt the Elder that became famous for his mercantilism policy. During the reign of George II broke out the seven years war between England, allied with Russia, and France, allied with Austria. With George III we can see the first act of independence of American colonies: the Boston tea party, a boycott of tea trade.

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AUGUSTAN AGE INGHILTERRA: RIASSUNTO INGLESE - In the same years Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declamation of Independence and finally in the 1783 Britain recognised the independence of the thirteen colonies of North America. The gold period around the time of the accession of George I was called Augustan Age (from the Roman Emperor Augustus), neoclassic age, the Age of the Reason or the Enlightenment age; it was characterised by great political stability: in this period we can see the establishment the important influence of middle classes. Middle classes began to frequent coffee-houses, meeting places where intellectuals discussed about policy: the most important political party were born in a coffee-house.

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THE AUGUSTAN AGE EN ENGLAND: RIASSUNTO INGLESE - The Tories, more conservatives, descended from the Royalist, the supporters of the monarchy and the Church of England, and the Whigs, fundamentally liberally oriented, descended from the supporters of the Parliament, that, during them period of power (from 1724 to 1760) supported commercial and professional classes. In this period also flourished Journalism.