Robinson Crusoe: riassunto dettagliato in inglese e analisi dei personaggi del romanzo di Daniel Defoe (1 pagine formato doc)
ROBINSON CRUSOE: RIASSUNTO IN INGLESE
The plot of Robinson Crusoe di Daniel Defoe. Robinson Crusoe is an Englishman from the town of York in the seventeenth century, the youngest son of a merchant of German origin.The hero of the novel is a middle-class man, Robinson Kreutznaer, anglicised Crusoe, who born in York in 1632 of a German father and an English mother. He, at the age of nineteen, decides to leave his family in order to look for adventures and to make his own fortune.
His first voyage leads him to Guinea and then back to England.
The second voyage does not prove as fortunate: the ship is seized by Moorish pirates, and Crusoe is enslaved to a potentate in the North African town of Sallee.While on a fishing expedition, he and a slave boy break free and sail down the African coast. A kindly Portuguese captain picks them up, buys the slave boy from Crusoe, and takes Crusoe to Brazil. In Brazil, Crusoe establishes himself as a plantation owner and soon becomes successful. Eager for slave labour and its economic advantages, he embarks on a slave-gathering expedition to West Africa but ends up shipwrecked off of the coast of Trinidad, where he remains for 28 years. During this time he keeps a journal where he records what happens to him.
RIASSUNTO ROBINSON CRUSOE BREVE
After twelve years of solitude, he finds a human footprint on the shore, and later observes cannibalistic savages eating prisoners. Once Robinson decides to attach them: in fact, Using his guns, Crusoe scares them away and saves a young savage whom he names Friday. Friday is extremely grateful and becomes Robinson's devoted servant. He learns some English and takes on the Christian religion. For some years the two live happily. Then, another ship of savages arrives with three prisoners. Together Crusoe and Friday are able to save two of them. One is a Spaniard; the other is Friday's father. Finally he is rescued and brought back to England, where he discovers that his plantation has made him rich.
The new middle-class hero
Robinson belongs to the middle-class which his father praises as: “…the best state in the world, the most suited to human happiness, not exposed to the miseries and hardships, the labour and sufferings of the mechanic part of mankind, and not embarrassed with the pride, luxury, ambition and envy of the upper part of mankind…”.
Actually, the story begins with an act of disobedience which, according to the Puritan view of life, implies God's punishment (the storm and the shipwreck), followed by repentance and salvation through God's mercy, with Robinson's final return to England and economic success.
What Robinson has in common with the classical heroes of travel literature is his restlessness, the search for his own identity in alternative to the model provided by his father.
ROBINSON CRUSOE ANALISI IN INGLESE
The island - The best known part is the life on the desert island where Robinson shows all the features that make him the champion of the values of the middle class: in a situation which looks desperate and helpless, he finds a way not only to survive but to re-create on the island a primitive empire, thus becoming the prototype of the English colonizer. His stay on the island is not seen as a return to Nature, but as a chance to exploit and dominate Nature.
The island is the ideal place for Robinson to prove his qualities, to demonstrate that he deserved to be saved by God’s Providence.
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