DESCRIZIONE IN INGLESE DELL'IMPORT EXPORT, DEI TRASPORTI E DEI MEZZI DI PAGAMENTO INGLESI. IN INGLESE (6 pagine formato doc)
Import export trade is concerned with the purchase or sale of goods carried out by traders living in different countries. An importer is a dealer who buys goods from a seller living in another countries, can be: a manufacturer, usually imports two kinds of products: raw materials required for the manufacturing process and machinery needed to carry out the production. A wholesaler, buys goods in large quantities from producers and sells them in smaller quantities to retails; retails, in turn, sell goods in even smaller quantities to consumer. Limitation(import)may concern either the quantity of imported goods or the type of product and are often meant to protect domestic manufacturing or reduce the demand for foreign-made products. Quotas is maximum number of items which can be imported; are fixed by the Department of Trade and Industry. When a trader wants to buy abroad goods which are subject to quotas, he must obtain a specific Import Licence that is an authorisation to introduce such goods into his country. An exporter is a manufacturer who sells his products to a buyer operating in a foreign country. There are the question that the exporter can his-set: demand for the product, foreign competition, to adapt the product, the most effective way, transportation and insurance costs, restrictions, laws. This is a: direct selling, the manufacturer sellers his product to the consumer, either personally or through an agent. Indirect selling, the manufacturer sells the goods to a local import company which in turn sells them to the consumer.