European Union

Appunto inviato da luchicca89
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Sintesi descrittiva in lingua inglese sull'Unione Europea: storia, governo, sistema legislativo, i vantaggi e gli svantaggi dell'euro (2 pagine formato doc)

History
European Union was originally an attempt to promote economic recovery after the Second World War.

In 1950 France and Germany agreed the Shuman Plan through which, this two countries, united the resources of coal and steel industries.

In 1951 Belgium, Netherland, Luxembourg, France, Italy, West Germany signed Treaty of Paris and founded European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC), that has, as aim, the centralised control of Steel and Coal industries, ensuring peace, to preserve democracy and development of a firm economic base.

In 1957 the same countries, through Rome Treaty (that removed barriers on trade and services), created European Economic Community (EEC also known as "Common Market") that establishing Common Customs and EURATOM (European Atomic Energy Community) for cooperation in nuclear energy.

In 1967 Merger Treaty created a single set of institutions for the three Communities, Called European Community (EC).

In 1979 took place the first, democratic elections to the European Parliament.

In 1990 Shengen Treaty removed border controls at roads and airports and introduced freedom of movement for people between the countries.
This Treaty wasn't be signed by United Kingdom and Ireland.

In 1992-1993, after that Maastricht Treaty came into force, European Community became know as European Union (EU).

In 1997 member states signed Amsterdam Treaty, that has, as aim, the achievement of equal rights for men and woman and public health, the elimination of social problem (as discrimination), unemployment and poverty..