Ernest Hemingway: biografia e opere in inglese

Biografia e opere di Ernest Hemingway in inglese (2 pagine formato doc)

Appunto di erika87


Ernest Hemingway.

He was born in Illinois in 1899. He was the son of a doctor, who committed a suicide, and he spent his childhood hunting and fishing in the Great Lake region. He worked as a reporter for the “Kansas city star”. When America entered in World War I Ernest went to the Italian front and he became an ambulance driver, for this he received a silver medal and decoration from the Italian government. When he came back to the United States he got a job as a foreign correspondent and he settled in Paris where he joined the group of expatriate writers, “the lost generation”, influenced by Ezra Pound.
In 1924 he published a book of short stories, “In our time”, in which we can find experiences of his childhood and there is his alter-ego, Nick Adams. In 1929 he published “Farewell to arms”, the best American novel about the World War I and where there are some autobiographical events. About the experience of African hunting safari he wrote many stories, like the “Snow of Kilimanjaro” and “The Green hills of Africa”. For his job he went to Spain during the Spanish civil war and about this experience he wrote “For whom the bell tolls”. For “the old man and the sea” he won in 1953 the Pulitzer Prize and the following year he received the Nobel Prize for literature. Then he suffered for mental diseases which led him to committee suicide in 1961.


Nature for Hemingway and Kerouac. For Hemingway the man has to fight against nature, he can’t overcome it but he can see his limits, instead for Jack Kerouac nature is a place far from the chaotic modern cities and where we can find freedom.
Hemingway’s hero
There are two kinds of hero in Hemingway:
•    One is the outdoorsman, he isn’t primitive but sensitive and he does the best he can do under stress.
•    The other one is the “code-hero”, so called because he can live beyond the reach of ordinary human beings. He is honourable, he cannot overcome the forces he confronts but he faces them with dignity and for this he gives an example to how to behave.


Style. In his books we can find some autobiographical elements, but they aren’t written in a direct way and he gave to them an universal value. His style is characterised by essentiality and a simple syntax, colloquial dialogue and brief descriptions, especially about landscapes. There isn’t introspection and he reviled his characters trough dialogues and brief descriptions.
A fascination with death. Hemingway was fascinated by death and suicide, in fact, a lot of his novels end with death. Other ones have a macabre approach to the subject. From the 1920s he started to suffer from attacks of depression for the death of his father and he thought that the causes of his father’s suicide were the loss of money and his relationships with women. The experience of the Italian front during the World War I was traumatic for him and he tested his courage going to the bullrings, hunting and facing enemy fire. With this test he suffered for the blows to the head and limbs caused by the enemy fire.


A Farewell to Arms. This novel speaks about an ambulance driver, Lieutenant Henry Frederick, on the Italian front during the World War I. He falls in love with an English nurse, Catherine, and after this meeting and the experience on the Italian front he changes his ideas about the war. When he joins militia he thinks that the war establishes freedom and a sort of order but then when he sees the suffering caused by the war he changes his ideas and he prefer to escape and look for Catherine. She is pregnant and when she goes to Switzerland she dies in the hospital with her baby.