RIASSUNTI DI LETTERATURA INGLESE DAL ROMANTICISMO AL '900
William Wordsworth’s masterpiece is, without any doubt, the poem “I Wandered Lonely As A Cloud”, also known as “Daffodils”.This poem can be considered the manifesto for Romantic Poetry; it tells an episode of the poet’s life, where he was having a walk with his sister Dorothy when they were surprised with the sight of a host of daffodils.
This poem best represents the pantheistic view of Nature in the Romantic vision; God is thought to be part of Nature, present in every single natural element. Therefore the communion with Nature uplifts the human spirit, while on the other hand natural elements can be “humanized” (for example, in the poem he speaks of a “crowd” of daffodils”).
This also leads to a better appreciation for rural people, who are more in touch with Nature and have not yet been compromised by reckless civilization and urban life, and for children, who are “fathers to men” because they still hold innocence and imagination.Imagination is the key to the communion with Nature and God: the “inward eye” is a necessary tool to discover the real truth behind Nature, and to throw a “certain coloring of imagination” upon things.
LETTERATURA INGLESE: AUTORI PRINCIPALI
Samuel Taylor Coleridge’s poem “The Rime of The Ancient Mariner” is a narrative poem in seven sections, which tells the story of an old Mariner, who has been condemned to wander on Earth and tell people his story: when his ship was stuck in ice and his men were dying, an Albatross saved them with its divine love. But after being freed from the ice, with no reason, the Mariner shot the Albatross.