Riassunto breve in inglese della biografia di William Wordsworth (1770-1850) (1 pagine formato doc)
WILLIAM WORDSWORTH, RIASSUNTO
William Wordsworth (1770- 1850).William Wordsworth was born in Cockermouth in northern England.
He studied at the university of Cambridge, and when he finished his studies, took a walking tour to France, Italy and the Alps. He spent a full year in France, and here he embraced the revolutionary cause, but was frightened out by the excesses of the term “Terror”.
This caused a political and spiritual crisis, so he returned to England, where his sister helped him.
He often met Coleridge, and with him discussed literary topics, and also the publication of the Lyrical Ballads, a poetry collection to which Wordsworth contributed with seventeen poems.
WILLIAM WORDSWORTH, BIOGRAFIA
In the “preface” to the 1800 edition of Lyrical Ballads, Wordsworth explained the foundations of English poetical Romanticism. In particular, he theorised the principles of a new kind of poetry with the language of everyday.But purified by any vulgar expression and the main themes were common objects and sights of everyday life presented in a new light in order to create the impression of the reader, the so called “lethargy of customs”.
In the poem “Lines Written a Few Miles from Tintern Abbey”, we can see how he rejected nationalism and developed his philosophy of nature, that is to say an idealisation of nature with pantheistic commutations. In fact, Wordsworth exalted nature and its eternal beauty as the reflection of God and he based his theory on the transcendental origin and healing power of nature. Moreover, Wordsworth exalted man who lived in communion with nature. In fact, like Rousseau, he criticised the society and the city life which tended to pervert man, while nature influenced his emotions and improved his soul.
Wordsworth, took the idea to do a new kind of poetry from emotions recollected in tranquillity, the so called poetry of memories, bringing the democratic principles of the French revolution to literature and creating a sort of poetical democracy. He rejected the aureate diction and he wanted to change people’s hearts and teaching them love and fraternity through delight. Moreover, in his idea of childhood, he followed Plato’s theory of the “world of ideas”, Locke’s theory of the mind as a “blank page” and also the theories on the origins of ideas of Hartley, creating a pseudo-Platonic philosophy of Childhood.
According to Wordsworth, literature had to “interest mankind permanently” and the poet’s task was to give the charm of novelty to things of every day following the lethargy of custom through the mind.