L'età del romanticismo: caratteristiche, temi, rapporto emozione-ragione, il manifesto del romanticismo, vita e stile di Wordsworth e di George Byron (2 pagine formato doc)
ETA' DEL ROMANTICISMO: CARATTERISTICHE
Romantic age: Emotion vs. Reason. The romantic age is developed from 1776 to 1830, in this period we have great revolution: with American Revolution the British colonies became free and with French Revolution these ideas of freedom and equality spread in Europe in cultural and literary aspect of life. This new sensibility was interested to emotions and feelings so against the raison of previous age. The romantic didn’t consider the industrial town but gave more importance to country because a man could connection with nature that wasn’t abstract or philosophical but something that may be able to control. They rediscovery traditions of middle age that enlightment was obscured.They gave more important to imagination too because expressioned emotional experience. An other thing, they exalt the childhood because child was considered pure, unspoilt by civilisation than to admire. The last thing was the exaltation of individual especially when he was alone, outcast or rebel because the society was an evil force.
TEMI DEL ROMANTICISMO
Reality and vision. In English Romanticism prevail the poetry because with her the poet can express emotions and feelings. Infact imagination has a primary role, it allowed to exceed reality. The poet was mediate between man and nature, he can give voice to the ideals of beauty, truth and freedom. The nature is venerated too. It was regarded as the expression of God in the Universe and as a force that can calmate man, gives inspiration and comfort. In Britain have two generation of poet: the first generation included Blake, Wordsworth and Coleridge; the second generation included Byron, Shelley and Keats. They were free by rules and used a simple language often recurring to five senses and many symbols. For this there was a return to past with ballads, sonnet and lyric poems. In the first generation Blake was considered independent because he was visionary and expressed in his poems his belief in imagination. Wordsworth and Coleridge were attempt to theorise his poetry. The poet of second generation didn’t regard the reality of life but they want to change nature, cosmos, politics and society. They exalt individualism and escapism that found expression in different attitudes. Byron was anticonformist, Shelley and Keats were revolutionary.
ETA' DEL ROMANTICISMO: WILLIAM WORDSWORTH
WILLIAM WORDSWORTH. Life. He was born in 1770 in Cumberland, in the English Lake District that spent his childhood and most of adult life. This is place of inspiration of his most poems. He studied at Trinity College in Cambridge and in 1790 went to France for a walking tour. This travel permit him to enter in contact with spirit of war that filled him his democratic ideal but he consoled himself with the contact of nature. In France he married Annette Vallon that bore him a daughter. When he moved to Somerset meet Coleridge and produced Lyrical Ballads and the second edition of this contain Wordsworth’s Preface that is considered the Manifesto of romanticism. In 1799 he returned in Lake District and married Mary Hutchinson who bore him five children. He was a great reputation infact was made Poet Laureate and continued to write poems until his death, so in 1850.