Riassunto in inglese delle opere degli autori del Romanticismo inglese di prima e seconda generazione: Wordsworth, Coleridge, Keats, Dickens, Wilde, Joyce, Woolf, Orwell, poeti di guerra e temi generici (11 pagine formato doc)
ROMANTICISMO INGLESE: AUTORI
Romanticism. Romanticism was an artistic, literary and intellectual movement that began in the second half of 18 century in England as a reaction against elevated ideals of neoclassicism.It developed with the anonymous publication of the lyrical ballads by Wordsworth and Coleridge in 1798, considered the manifesto of romantic movement: poetry should express, in simple language, experience filtered through personal emotion and imagination; the truest experience was to be found in nature, that began a basic element for these poets as a source of inspiration; it was also regarded “as a living force” and as the expression of God in the universe. Indeed feelings are considered more important than reason because they can communicate emotions and make enter in an interior world. Plays another role also the imagination that allowed the Romantic poets to see beyond the surface of reality and to modify the external world of experience. In search of sublime moments, romantic poets wrote about the supernatural, the exotic, and the medieval. But they also found beauty in the lives of simple rural people and aspects of the everyday world.
POETI ROMANTICI INGLESI: PRIMA E SECONDA GENERAZIONE
The great English romantic poets are usually grouped into two generations: the first generation, included William Blake, William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge; the poets of the second generation were George Gordon Byron, Shelley. COMPARISON BETWEEN WORDSWORTH AND COLERIDGE Wordsworth and Coleridge belonged to the first generation of Romantic poets. Both initially supported the French Revolution, lived in the Lake District and, together, wrote the Lyrical Ballads. They wanted to base the poetry on themes like nature and imagination and directed to a larger reading public. However they had really different roles: While Wordswoth wanted to write on the beauty of nature and the things of ordinary world, dealing with common events and people, Coleridge dealt with supernatural and mysterious events and people, but made them appear as real. W’s idea is that emotions are recollected in tranquillity. On the contrary, Coleridge says that poetry is clearly distinguished from nature He was a rebel, but represented the real romantic poet.
SONNET COMPOSED UPON WESTMINISTER BRIDGE - He draws inspiration from everyday life and from personal experience. Sonnet composed for instance describes a morning in which the poet crossed Westminster Bridge with his sister. It represents one of the few works of romanticism written on the city, not on the nature, like in the Augustan ages. Moreover he has an idyllic and romantic vision of the real world: it is represented an ideal city, not the real London’s unpleasant urban aspects.
LE DUE GENERAZIONI DEL ROMANTICISMO INGLEESE
DAFFODILS - I wandered lonely al a cloud is a poem in which words connects poetry with his personal experience of a walk near his home in the lake district, when he sow a field full of daffodils waving in the wind. He really underlines his love for the nature and the conception of it connected with man. Indeed he compares himself to a cloud and inverts the world: the daffodils became the stars and the ground represent the infinity of space. There also is a philosophical ending reflection, in which expresses his poetic: emotion recollected, he filters feelings and elaborates them at home.
THE RIME OF THE ANCIENT MARINER - The rime of ancient mariner tells of a symbolic voyager of an ancient mariner through a desolate land. The story begin with the arrive of a mariner to a wedding where he persuaded a wedding guest to listen to his story. So, he describes a voyage: an albatross drive the ship in storms but the mariner kills him motiveless. The act is symbolic: the mariner committed a crime against the nature seen ad a living force, in a pantheistic vein, as the expression of God in the universe.