Sintesi schematica della vita e le opere di William Wordsworth, poeta del romanticismo inglese (3 pagine formato doc)
WILLIAM WORDSWORTH: VITA E OPERE
William Wordsworth (1770-1850)
• Wordsworth was born in a small village in the Lake district.
• He spent his childhood in close contact with nature.
• The beauty of the countryside with its sights and smells provided the inspiration for his future poetry.
• He graduated in Cambridge in 1791.
• In 1791 Wordsworth left for France where he became a supporter of the French Revolution.
• Lack of money compelled him to go back to England.
• Here , his sister Dorothy helped him to recover from his sense of failure and disillusionment
• In 1797 Wordsworth met the poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge.
• Their friendship was long , productive and crucial to the development of the Romantic poetry.
• The two poets shared the same love for nature, and for poetry.
• It was during one of their walks that Wordsworth and Coleridge planned the structure of The Lyrical Ballads.
• In 1799 Wordsworth and Coleridge settled at Dove cottage, Grasmere , in the Lake District.
• In 1843 Wordworth was appointed Poet Laureate.
• He died in 1850.
WILLIAM WORDSWORTH, LYRICAL BALLADS
• The Lyrical Ballads resulted from the co-operation of the two poets.
• They had agreed on a division of labour:
Wordsworth was “to give the charm of novelty to things of every day”.
Coleridge ‘s “endeavours should be directed to the supernatural”.
Wordsworth was the first:
To draw inspiration from everyday life.
To write in a language as near as possible to actual spoken English.
WILLIAM WORDSWORTH: VITA IN INGLESE
The romantic manifesto
Lyrical Ballads was first published in 1798.
Its second edition (1800) had a long preface by Wordsworth.
This Preface is generally considered the Manifesto of the Romantic Movement in English Literature.
Subject of poetry
• Poetry must deal with “situations and incidents from common life”.
• The best subjects to write about were “humble rustic life” and simple people living in the countryside, in close contact with nature
• The poems were to be written in a language as near as possible to the simple language of men.
The role of imagination and memory
• Imagination is a special intuition or insight that allows the poet to see farther and deeper.
• The poet does not look at his sources of inspiration with the realism of cold observation but through the eyes of memory to recollect emotions.
The task of the poet
• The poet stands apart from the rest of men because of his higher degree of sensibility and imaginative capacity..