Letteratura inglese - George Orwell.George Orwell, who was of Indian origin but then he moved to England, was one of the most prominent voices of the first half of the 20th century. Orwell led together with the activity of journalist and critic, the one of writer. His literary production was very close to political issues such as the impotence of capitalist governments in the face of Nazi expansion , together with economic depression and poor working conditions. Like many left-wing intellectuals, Orwell felt a moral duty to fight on the republican side during the Spanish Civil War, where grown in him a deep awareness of the manipulation of socialist enthusiasts and a strong opposition to the totalitarian methods of the Communist world.
ANIMAL FARM, ORWELL: RIASSUNTO
Animal Farm.He’s anti-revolutionary nature came to the surface in his political fable Animal Farm, a sharp satire of the Russian Revolution. The story is set in an imaginary farm, where animals rebel against their human cruel master, and run the farm themselves – an allegory of workers running farms and factories in the soviet union – but in a short time a new emerging class, the pigs, who were the driving force of the revolution, took the control over all the other animals and started to behave and look like the human master. The animals on the farm remind the workers in the modern society: like them, they are exploited. Orwell's work is very simple in lexical and syntactic terms as to be accessible to a public child. Nevertheless it gave a great contribution on the historical level, because it put out how as any form of revolution is doomed to fail and result in new forms of oppression. In this case, Animal Farm criticizes the corruption of socialism in the Soviet Union.
1984 GEORGE ORWELL, RIASSUNTO
NINETEEN EIGHTY-FOUR - Orwell died a few weeks before the publication of his masterpiece, Nineteen Eighty-Four, an anti-utopian novel, which depicts a future world in which a tyrannical power, headed by the dictator Big Brother, controls and supervises man’s actions and thoughts through propaganda, secrecy, constant surveillance, and harsh punishment for dissidents. Big Brother, the symbol of a distant, mysterious, omnipresent oppressor, has become the symbol of the total control of the individual’s life by mass media in highly technological societies.