Riassunto della biografia di Daniel Defoe e del romanzo "Robinson Crusoe" (2 pagine formato doc)
ROBINSON CRUSOE: RIASSUNTO IN INGLESE
Daniel Defoe's life. Daniel Defoe was born in London in 1660, from James and Alice Foe.He added “de” later in life to make himself sound more sophisticated. His father was a Dissenter. Dissenters were very religious people who thought the Church of England was too close to the Roman Catholic Church. The most important value for the Foe family: one had to improve one’s situation in life through hard work. When he was young two terrible events happened: the Plague (1665) and the Great Fire of London (1666). During the plague his family fled (fuggì) to the countryside, considering the illness a punishment sent by God for sinful (peccaminoso) behaviour. The Great Fire burned the city for four days and nights, destroying lots of buildings.
He studied in a boarding school (collegio) where he studied Latin, Greek and English grammar.
ROBINSON CRUSOE: RIASSUNTO IN INGLESE PER CAPITOLI
Then his father enrolled him at Reverend Charles Morton’s dissenting academy to make him a minister of the Protestant Church. He never became a minister, but he received an excellent education, because in this school there was a more modern curriculum of science, phylosophy and modern history compared to Oxford and Cambridge.
In 1680 he became a merchant, trading in differents goods, like wines and tabacco. In this period he travelled a lot throughout Europe.
In 1684 he got married and had 8 children.
In 1688 the army of the Dutch King William landed in the south west of england and there was no resistance. People welcomed the invasion because they disliked the religious polities of the Catholic King James II, which included taking legal rights from the Dissentors, and his antidemocratic politics.
The changes between 1688-89 became known as “The Glorious Revolution” , which marked the end of the supremacy of the divine right of kings and the establishment of the supremacy of Paliament.
Defoe started to invest in risky business that led him to bankruptcy in 1692.
He became interested in journalism and literary work and began publishing political pamphlets (opuscoli) (the shortest way with the Dissenters) and political newspaper (the Review).
RIASSUNTO ROBINSON CRUSOE BREVE
In 1719 he published Robinson Crusoe, a tale of adventure, which became very famous.
Writers such as Swift and Pope looked down on his writing because he was not from the upper classes and because his writing did not contain references to Greek and Roman literature: his fiction was what we now call “popular”.
Daniel was the inventor of the English novel.
He died alone in April 1731 in London.