INTRODUZIONE TESINA NEW YORK
New York.Introduction. New York is an American city. It is situated in the East of America; New York city (official name of the city) isn’t the capital of the New York state, it is Albany, but new York is the best known; New York is the biggest American city, it has 8 million people only in the city, metropolitan area has 21 million people. The city is called “the big apple”; it has this name for two reasons: for some people this name came by Edward S. Martins’ book, "The Wayfaver in New York" where New York is compared to a big Apple in the tree, for other people, because some poor people came to New York and became very rich in few time, New York is compared at a big apple to which you can make a bite.
It is done in 1626 by Dutch, they bought it for $24; Dutch called the city “New Amsterdam”. English occupied the city in 1664 and they called it “New York”. New York was the first capital of the USA.
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Population. Today in the city there are some ethnic groups: Italians, Chinese, Africans, Greeks... In New York there are five boroughs
Work of art. In New Yorkthere are some construction and works of art:
Central Park: it is a park, it is very big and very famous, it is called green lungs of New York. It is artificial, there are some lakes and two skating risks, there is a theatre, its road is 10 Km long.
Madison Square Garden: It is a most famous arena, in it there are 20000 people, you can do some sports in it, it is the arena of NBA, boxe, Hockey, Wrestling, and in it there are some concerts, at Madison Square Primo Carnera won his world title in boxe.
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Wall street: It is a way of New York, at the number 25 there is the Stock exchange, this name came by the old walls of the city. It is American’s financial centre and has played an important part in the history of New York.
Statue of liberty: Official name of the Statue of liberty is “Statue of liberty which illuminates the world”, it is called “lady liberty”. It is tall 94 m. French did the statue and gave it at USA for the centenary of the American independence. It was inaugurated in 1886. The statue represents a woman which has got a torch in a hand, and a book with the independence’s date in the other hand.
St Patrick’s Cathedral: It stands in the middle of Manhattan. The contrast between this white neo-Gothic church and the modern skyscraper is striking.
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Empire State Building: It is the tallest skyscraper in New York after The Twin tower’s crash, it was built in 1930 and it is tall 381 m. It is the second skyscraper tallest in USA, it has got 102 plans, there are 6500 windows and 73 lifts. It was built after the “great depression” and the offices were empty, in evening the lights were turned. In 1945 a war air was crashed against the skyscraper.
Brooklyn Bridge: connects the boroughs of Manhattan and Brooklyn and offers a sensational view of New York’s skyline. When it was opened in 1883 it was the first suspension bridge in the world, and it is still one of the longest bridges (485 m). During its construction 27 men died, including its designer.