William Wordsworth

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I wondered lonely as a cloud,nature's conception (4 pagine formato doc)

William Wordsworth was an english romantic poet who was born on 7 april 1770 in Cumberland, part of the scenic region in northwest England, the Lake District.
He spent there his childhood and most of his adult life and this place was to become his main source of inspiration so that later, along with Coleridge and Southey he became known as one of the “Lake Poets”. He was educated in Cambridge and in1790, he went on a walking tour of France and Alps. The contact with French Revolution filled him with enthusiasm for democratic ideals to such an extent he wrote about it in his work The Prelude. In 1791 he returned to France and fell in love with Annette Vallon who bore him a daughter that was called Caroline.
The brutal and destructive developments of the Revolution and the wars between France and England brought him a nervous breakdown, he became infact so disillusioned during the so-called “terror” of 1793-4, period of Roberspierre’s dictatorship, that he turned very conservative.
He went to live with the sister Dorothy in 1795 and she remains his most faithful friend.
In the same year he moved to Somerset to be near Coleridge and their friendship became very important for the development of English Romanticism.
They produced a collection of poems called “LIRICAL BALLADS” (1798); it opens with Coleridge’s poem The Rime of the Ancient Mariner and ends with Wordsworth’s Tintern Abbey. The second edition of 1800 contained also the Preface by Wordsworth that became the “MANIFESTO OF ENGLISH ROMANTICISM”.