Emily Bronte: Wuthering Heights

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Tesina in inglese sulla vita di Emily Bronte e un'approfondita analisi della sua opera più celebre: Wuthering Heights (Cime Tempestose) (4 pagine formato doc)

EMILY BRONTE: WUTHERING HEIGHTS

Emily Bronte.

Life (1818-1848). lived in Haworth → childhood: death of -mother (had literary interests) -two old sisters (early childhood) + shared her world with: -sister Anne (died at 29 of consumption) -sister Charlotte (fame as a writer, died at 39 of childbirth) -brother Patrick (died at 32 of consumption, addicted to alcohol and laudanum) -aunt -father (Irish clergyman who studied in Cambridge, writer, man of literary interests) -family servant + what mattered: -reassuring ordinariness of the domestic family routine -magic of the imaginary world she created with Anne (Gondal Saga) → cared little of the world outside + no social life + no feminist ideology or sense of a common cause (≠ Charlotte's Jane Eyre famous fot its claims for sexual equality + Anne's Tenant of Wildefell Hall indictment of both sexual double standards) → -pleasure and attention to domestic detail -hermetically sealed world -alertness to the natural world around her -passionate engagement with world of imagination → never lost her grip on reality → read: -Aesop -Bunyan -Scott -Byron -Shakespeare -The Arabian Nights → school for a year more or less → junior teacher at Law Hill girls school → home when her health broke down → with Charlotte to Brussels to study French and German → planning to open their own school → could not bear living away from Haworth and came back
chronicles of imaginary countries: -autobiographical transpositions of family relationships with emblematic value -descriptions related to the nature of the landscape she loved → -Charlotte and Patrick= “cycle of Angria” -Emily and Anne= “stories of Gondal”
biographical references: •Charlotte: relationship of love and fear for her father in 3 novels -“The Professor” -“Jane Eyre” -“Villette” •Anne: -“Agnes Grey” mother and sister Emily -“The Tenant of Widefell Hall” ruin of brother Patrick •Emily: “Wuthering Heights” -ruin of Hindley= Patrick -Edgar Linton= mild character of Anne -Heathcliff= foundling who resembles her position inside her family (depended from it, but never completely part of it → loved sisters and brother, but never linked herself to her father, mother, aunt)
not demonstrative character + benevolent feelings

Cime tempestose: analisi e personaggi

WUTHERING HEIGHTS SUMMARY

WUTHERING HEIGHTS di Emily Bronte. (1847)
•considered a masterpiece of narrative structure and psychological intensity •romanticism of its protagonists and their story + complexity of narration •at odds with the contemporaneous industrial novels of Charles Dickens, Elizabeth Gaskell, Benjamin Disraeli and Kingsley → no engagement with social issues •WH and TG are worlds unto themselves → when H and I leave it they seem to disappear into a void •relation with -Gothic novel: creates a dark and passionate world of imprisonment, torture, ghosts and changelling -Romantic novel: preoccupation with the world of the imagination and emotion + concern for formative influence of childhood + man's relation to the natural world

WUTHERING HEIGHTS RIASSUNTO IN INGLESE

SUMMARY AND COMMENT.

meticulousness of the novel's time structure → possible to work out the date of every significant event in the story → (starts as H is brought to WH). Lockwood left alone with dogs → rescued by servant Zillah → 2nd visit for a lack of fire in his room at T.G. → meets young Cathy whom guesses wrongly to be H's wife + Hareton clown with rough pride → L sees H's genuine bad nature → secretly shown a room in which H doesn't want anybody to go in → on the window ledge 3 names which contain the nucleus of the story (C Earnshaw → C Linton → dies → C Heathcliff → C Earnshaw = cycle full) + testament with C's name on and date 1776 (reader in the situation at W.H. After the death of old Mr.Earnshaw) → appearance of the ghost of C as a child (20 years before → she was 16, when married E → maybe for Emily's eldest sister Maria who died 20 years before E wrote the chapter) → terrifies L and makes him cruel (rubs her wrist on the broken glass) → at T.G. L has a cold and Nelly Dean tells him the story → starts in 1771: Mr.E brings a foundling (gipsy) from Liverpool who names H after his dead child (origin of H left unknown → Liverpoo is a port= child of some foreign sailor or some black blood) → H superior to his older brother Hindley + favourite of Mr.E → C fond of him → their mutual happiness ends with Mr.E's death → ill-treated by Hindley who takes revenge on H by degrading him into a servant → H hurt by C's growing