Guernica: analisi del quadro di Picasso

Spiegazione e analisi del Guernica di Pablo Picasso: tesina d'inglese (3 pagine formato doc)

Appunto di fedetante


Pablo Picasso: short biography.

No other artist is more associated with the term Modern Art than Pablo Picasso. He creates thousands of paintings, prints, sculptures and ceramics during about 75 years. For many Pablo Picasso is the greatest art genius of the twentieth century and he influences and dominates the art of the twentieth century like no other modern artist.
Pablo Picasso is born on October 25, 1881 in Malaga, Spain, as the son of an art and drawing teacher. He is a brilliant student.

He passes the entrance examination for the Barcelona School of Fine Arts at the age of 14 in just one day and is allowed to skip the first two classes.
During his lifetime, the artist goes through different periods of characteristic painting styles.
The Blue Period of Pablo Picasso lasts from about 1900 to 1904. It is characterised by the use of different shades of blue underlining the melancholic style of his subjects - people from the grim side of life with thin, half-starved bodies. His painting style during these years is masterly and convinces even those who reject his later modern style.   


After several travels to Paris, the artist moves permanently to the "capital of arts" in 1904. There he meets all the other famous artists like Henri Matisse, Joan Miro and George Braques. He becomes a great admirer of Henri Matisse. The city’s bohemien street life fascinates him and he paints poor people in dance halls and cafes.
During Picasso's Rose Period from about 1905 to 1906, his style moves away from the Blue Period to a friendly pink tone with subjects taken from the world of the circus. Inspired by the works of Paul Cezanne, he develops together with George Braque and Juan Gris the Cubist style. In Cubism, subjects are reduced to basic geometrical shapes. In a later version of Cubism, called synthetic cubism, several views of an object or a person are shown simultaneously from a different perspective in one picture.

Descrizione dell'opera Guernica di Picasso


Guernica. In 1937 the artist creates his landmark painting Guernica, a protest against the barbaric air raid against a Basque village, Guernica,  during the Spanish Civil War. Picasso's Guernica is a huge mural on canvas in black, white and grey which is created for the Spanish Pavilion of the Paris World's Fair.
For three months, Pablo Picasso has been searching for inspiration for the mural, but the artist is in a sullen mood, frustrated by turmoil in his personal life and dissatisfaction with his work. The politics of his native homeland are also troubling him, as the brutal civil war ravages in Spain. Republican forces are under attack from fascists led by Generalissimo Francisco Franco. Franco promises prosperity and stability to the people of Spain. He delivers only death and destruction.

El Guernica e la Guerra civile spagnola: riassunto


Hoping for a visual protest to Franco's treachery from Spain's most eminent artist, colleagues and representatives of the democratic government come to Picasso's home in Paris to ask him to paint the mural.
Pablo Picasso generally avoids politics and disdains overtly political art. From the beginning, Pablo Picasso chooses not to represent the horror of Guernica in realist or romantic terms. Guernica is the most powerful invective against violence in modern art, but it is not wholly inspired by the war. It is a general meditation on suffering and its motifs – the fugitive weeping woman with her dead son in her arms, the horse (the Spanish Republic), the bull (Franco), has been running through Picasso's work for years before Guernica brings them together. In the painting they become receptacles for extreme sensation. Pablo Picasso can imagine more suffering in a horse's head than Rubens normally puts into a whole Crucifixion.