Charles Darwin: biografia in inglese

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Charles Darwin: biografia, l'età vittoriana e il darwinismo sociale (9 pagine formato docx)


Charles Darwin (1809-1882). 
- Biography
- Charles Darwin in Victorian age
- Science Vs.

Religion in Darwin's Victorian age
- Social Darwinism

Victorian age, Darwin: riassunto in inglese


Biography. Charles Robert Darwin was born at Shrewsbury in 1809. His father was a doctor and his mother was the daughter of Josiah Wedgwood.

Darwin first studied medicine at Edinburgh. Will as they might, it soon became clear to the family, and particularly to young Charles, that he was not cut out for a medical career; he was transferred to Cambridge, there to train for the ministry. While at Cambridge, Darwin befriended a biology professor John Stevens and his interest in zoology and geography grew. Eventually, Darwin came under the eye of a geology professor, Adam Sedgwick. Just after a field trip to Wales with Sedgwick -- during which Darwin was to learn much from "Sedgewick's on-the-spot tutorials" and was to develop "intellectual muscle as he burnt off the flab" he was to learn, that, through the efforts of Professor Henslow, that he had secured an invitation to go aboard the Beagle, which, apparently, was being outfitted by the admiralty for an extended voyage to the south seas Needless to say, though there was some anxious moments, Darwin was accepted by those responsible for the voyage.

Charles Darwin: riassunto


The plans for the cruise of the Beagle were extended, in that it was to take place over the best part of five years (1831-36) and was to take in the southern islands, the South American coast and Australia. While aboard the vessel, Darwin served as a geologist, botanist, zoologist, and general man of science.
Darwin gained an experience which would prove to be a substantial foundation for his life's work; the almost immediate result was the publication of his findings in 1840, Zoology of the Beagle.
Darwin, directly on account of his early adventures (with his evidence and his conclusions: zoological, botanical, geological and paleontological), could no longer subscribe to the teachings of Genesis, viz., that every species had been created whole and have come through the ages unchanged. All the evidence supports (and none exists that disproves) the proposition that life on earth has evolved; life started out slow and small, and our current state of existence is as a result of some process working upon natural materials throughout a period that consists of millions and millions of years. The question for Darwin is what is this process, a question which, for twenty years, Darwin worked on. He considered his own personal experiences which were considerable and the data that he had gathered. He read and read widely; he abstracted the learned journals; he talked to breeders of domesticated animals. And only after years of work did Darwin feel himself ready to express himself.